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The East African : Sep 1st 2014
The EastAfrican 24 ADVERTISING FEATURE AUGUST 30 - SEPTEMBER 5, 2014 Summary of the 11th Committee of Intelligence and Security Services of Africa (CISSA) Conference, Nairobi, 24th to 30th August 2014. Theme: “Enhancing Intelligence Cooperation and Coordination to Address Radicalization and Extremism in Africa” 1. The Eleventh O≥dina≥y Session of the Confe≥ence of the Committee of Intelligence and Secu≥ity Se≥vices of Af≥ica (CISSA) was convened f≥om the 27th to the 30th of August 2014 in Nai≥obi, Kenya unde≥ the Theme: “Enhancing Intelligence Coope≥ation and Coo≥dination to Add≥ess Radicalisation and Ext≥emism in Af≥ica”. The Confe≥ence was held at a time the th≥eat of te≥≥o≥ism and ext≥emism in Af≥ica had significantly escalated. The theme of the Confe≥ence was, the≥efo≥e, befitting and a ≥allying point fo≥ CISSA to collectively seek st≥ategies to combat the secu≥ity challenges conf≥onting the continent. 2. The Thi≥teenth O≥dina≥y Session of the Panel of Expe≥ts convened between 24th and 27th August, 2014 to p≥epa≥e fo≥ the Confe≥ence. 3. The Confe≥ence was attended by fo≥ty (40) Membe≥ Se≥vices and obse≥ve≥s, who included the ≥ep≥esentatives of the Af≥ican Union Commission (AUC), the Intelligence and Secu≥ity Committee (ISC) in the Bu≥eau of the AUC Chai≥pe≥son, the Af≥ican Cent≥e fo≥ the Study and Resea≥ch on Te≥≥o≥ism (ACSRT), the Liaison and Fusion Unit (UFL), and the Inte≥national Confe≥ence on the G≥eat Lakes Region (ICGLR). Confe≥ence ≥eite≥ated its commitment to enhance functional collabo≥ation and pa≥tne≥ship with the AUC and the above-mentioned Af≥ican st≥ategic pa≥tne≥s. 4. The Confe≥ence was o∞cially opened by His Excellency, the Deputy P≥esident of the Republic of Kenya, Honou≥able William RUTO, who welcomed delegates to Nai≥obi. Her Excellency, Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma Chairperson African Union Commission Honou≥able RUTO pointed out that Af≥ica’s secu≥ity th≥eats a≥e becoming mo≥e and mo≥e complex as a ≥esult of globalisation. In that ≥ega≥d, he ≥eite≥ated the need fo≥ a pa≥adigm shift in tackling eme≥ging and nont≥aditional th≥eats such as te≥≥o≥ism. He called upon Af≥ica’s Intelligence and Secu≥ity Se≥vices to develop thei≥ technological capacities and sha≥e intelligence in o≥de≥ to stand up to the many secu≥ity challenges that the Continent is facing. These th≥eats have the potential to ≥eve≥se the continent’s b≥ight economic p≥ospects. The Deputy P≥esident added that Af≥ica is one of the fastest g≥owing economies in the wo≥ld and this momentum can only be sustained COMMUNIQUÉ OF THE ELEVENTH ORDINARY SESSION OF THE COMMITTEE OF INTELLIGENCE AND SECURITY SERVICES OF AFRICA (CISSA) CONFERENCE 27TH – 30TH AUGUST 2014 in a peaceful and stable Af≥ica. 5. The Confe≥ence was also g≥aced by the Deputy Chai≥pe≥son of the Af≥ican Union Commission (AUC), His Excellency M≥. E≥astus MWENCHA, who ≥ep≥esented the Chai≥pe≥son of the Commission. M≥. MWENCHA outlined that the CISSA Confe≥ence was taking place amidst continued peace and secu≥ity challenges on the continent, which include, te≥≥o≥ism, ≥adicalization and ext≥emism, as well as t≥ansnational o≥ganised c≥ime. The Deputy Chai≥pe≥son of the AUC unde≥sco≥ed the need fo≥ a collabo≥ative app≥oach among Af≥ica’s Intelligence and Secu≥ity Se≥vices with the aim of add≥essing these th≥eats. The AUC Commissione≥ fo≥ Peace and Secu≥ity, Ambassado≥ Smail CHERGUI a≥ticulated CISSA’s c≥itical ≥ole in the Af≥ican Peace and Secu≥ity A≥chitectu≥e (APSA) th≥ough ≥egula≥ intelligence b≥iefings that would enable Af≥ican leade≥s to make info≥med decisions. Fo≥ his pa≥t, Ambassado≥ F≥ancisco MADEIRA, the Di≥ecto≥ of the ACSRT, exposed the devastating impact of te≥≥o≥ism on the Af≥ican continent and ≥ecommended a holistic counte≥te≥≥o≥ism app≥oach to e≥adicate the scou≥ge. 6. Among othe≥ decisions, the Confe≥ence made a solemn decla≥ation that a te≥≥o≥ attack on any count≥y in Af≥ica should be conside≥ed as an attack on all. In this connection, Confe≥ence unde≥lined the need to deepen collabo≥ation and enhance intelligence sha≥ing timeously in o≥de≥ to combat ≥adicalization and ext≥emism, which a≥e the main d≥ive≥s of te≥≥o≥ism in the continent. 7. Confe≥ence exp≥essed conce≥n ove≥ the continued instability and insecu≥ity in some of the count≥ies of the Membe≥ Se≥vices. In that ≥ega≥d, Confe≥ence called fo≥ the deployment of economic, political, diplomatic and psychological p≥og≥ammes, all backed by good intelligence and milita≥y fo≥ce to e≥adicate some of these th≥eats. Confe≥ence ≥ecognised the collective e≠o≥ts, th≥ough the inst≥umentality of CISSA and in pa≥tne≥ship with the Af≥ican Union Commission, to add≥ess the inc≥easingly complex secu≥ity situation in the Continent. 8. With ≥ega≥d to the theme of the Confe≥ence, it was noted that ≥adicalization and ext≥emism a≥e p≥oviding fe≥tile g≥ound fo≥ the ≥ec≥uitment of te≥≥o≥ists and c≥iminal elements. Confe≥ence noted with conce≥n the pace and manne≥ in which the youth in the continent a≥e being ≥adicalized and indoct≥inated. In that ≥ega≥d, Confe≥ence st≥essed the need, building on the ≥elevant ≥egional expe≥iences, fo≥ mo≥e vigo≥ous action to deal with the phenomenon. As a way of e≥adicating the te≥≥o≥ism th≥eat, Confe≥ence emphasized the need fo≥ joint ope≥ations at national and ≥egional levels, as well as the sha≥ing of best p≥actices/mechanisms among the membe≥s of CISSA on how to combat the scou≥ge. Fu≥the≥mo≥e, Confe≥ence called on national gove≥nments to add≥ess the causes and conditions that fuel te≥≥o≥ism and ext≥emism, such as pove≥ty, youth unemployment, ma≥ginalization, co≥≥uption, etc. 9. The Confe≥ence commended Membe≥ Se≥vices that hosted capacity building wo≥kshops on va≥ious topics of PRESENTATIONS ON THE THEME OF THE CONFERENCE Presentation by AFRICAN CENTER FOR STUDY AND RESEARCH ON TERRORISM (ACSRT) In his p≥esentation, the Di≥ecto≥ of the ACSRT, Ambassado≥ F≥ancesco MADEIRA indicated that Af≥ica was home to nume≥ous te≥≥o≥ist and ext≥emist g≥oups including AQIM, MUJAO, Boko Ha≥am, Al-Shabaab, Ansa≥u, Al Mou≥abitoun, Ansa≥ Dine, LRA, ADF-NALU, Ansa≥ Al Sha≥ia, Ansa≥ Beit Al Maqdis, among othe≥s. The hyb≥id natu≥e of the g≥oups is such that some of the above g≥oups have te≥≥o≥ist and c≥iminal cha≥acte≥istics and connections. In addition, the g≥oups a≥e ≥epo≥ted to have sent fighte≥s to Sy≥ia, not only in solida≥ity with jihadist g≥oups the≥e but to gain expe≥ience and establish new netwo≥ks. In this ≥ega≥d, seve≥al fighte≥s of Af≥ican o≥igin had been killed in fighting in Sy≥ia. Meanwhile, fu≥the≥ ≥epo≥ts indicate that te≥≥o≥ist g≥oups in No≥th Af≥ica, including AQIM and Ansa Al Sha≥ia, have ≥eached out to thei≥ Middle East counte≥pa≥ts ≥ep≥esented by the Al Nus≥a of Sy≥ia to me≥ge and fo≥m a wide≥ and bette≥ coo≥dinated netwo≥k. Fo≥ its pa≥t, the Islamic State is believed to have ≥eached out to g≥oups in No≥th Af≥ica in o≥de≥ to fo≥m some kind of alliance. Ambassado≥ MADEIRA also gave an account of the evolution of the phenomenon of ≥adicalization f≥om p≥edisposition until the act of te≥≥o≥ism is committed. He highlighted the ≥ole played by g≥ievances and ideology as the language of mobilization and ≥adicalization. As pa≥t of counte≥ measu≥es, Ambassado≥ MADEIRA advocated a na≥≥ative that c≥eates a hostile envi≥onment fo≥ ext≥emists and te≥≥o≥ists to ope≥ate. This could be done th≥ough the conce≥ted e≠o≥ts of gove≥nments, civil society, think tanks, the media and inte≥national pa≥tne≥s. He also ≥ecommended the c≥eation of ≥egional mechanisms, including fusion cent≥es to enhance cohe≥ence, coo≥dination and e≠ectiveness of counte≥ te≥≥o≥ism actions. NIGERIA The Nige≥ian delegation indicated that the Af≥ican continent continues to be conf≥onted with a my≥iad of secu≥ity challenges, including te≥≥o≥ism, violent ext≥emism, all fo≥ms of T≥ansnational O≥ganised C≥imes (TOCs) namely a≥ms t≥a∞cking, oil theft, ma≥itime pi≥acy, cattle ≥ustling, na≥co-te≥≥o≥ism, cybe≥-c≥ime, t≥a∞cking in a≥ms and human beings and money launde≥ing. Te≥≥o≥ism and ext≥emism pe≥pet≥ated by Boko Ha≥am, howeve≥, ≥emains the most potent th≥eat. Boko Ha≥am has established links with like-minded g≥oups, including AQIM, Al-Shabaab in Somalia and MUJAO. These linkages have given the g≥oups ope≥ational e∞ciency as well as dive≥sified sou≥ces of funding and logistics. Against this backd≥op, the Nige≥ian delegation ≥ecommended that the Af≥ican secu≥ity and intelligence community should enhance thei≥ collabo≥ation, pa≥ticula≥ly in the a≥ea of intelligence sha≥ing, in o≥de≥ to fo≥ge a collective app≥oach to ≥espond to the th≥eats posed by these t≥ansnational te≥≥o≥ist g≥oups. The delegation noted that this collective RECOMMENDATION CREATION OF REGIONAL MECHANISMS, INCLUDING FUSION CENTRES TO ENHANCE COHERENCE, COORDINATION AND EFFECTIVENESS OF COUNTER TERRORISM ACTIONS. Ambassador MADEIRA app≥oach was necessa≥y as a te≥≥o≥ attack on any Af≥ican count≥y should be conside≥ed an attack on all. MALI The Malian delegation highlighted that ≥adicalisation and ext≥emism ≥emain majo≥ sou≥ces of insecu≥ity in the Sahel and Mali in pa≥ticula≥. The th≥eat of ≥adicalisation dates back to the 1980s when the Qu≥anic schools devised ways of indoct≥inating unsuspecting students. Wahabism was thus encou≥aged and funded by some count≥ies in the A≥abic Gulf. The yea≥ 2012 was cha≥acte≥ised by insecu≥ity in Mali, until the situation was saved by the F≥ench a≥my in collabo≥ation with the Malian a≥my, which inte≥≥upted the fundamentalists’ ope≥ations and funding. He also acknowledged the ≥ole of the Chadian milita≥y. The Islamic fundamentalists imposed thei≥ teachings on people using violent means and kidnapping tactics fo≥ ≥ansom payments as a means of funding. Va≥ious successful means of inte≥vention we≥e int≥oduced by the Malian Gove≥nment, including the c≥eation of the Minist≥y of Religious A≠ai≥s to liaise with the gove≥nment, Council of Religious Bu≥eau to ≥ep≥esent all ≥eligious g≥oups, Minist≥y of National Reconciliation, as well as the Minist≥y of Social Development. He howeve≥ concluded that the question of ≥adicalization should be p≥io≥itized. KENYA The p≥esentation by Kenya on the Theme of the Confe≥ence focused on ≥adicalization t≥ends, manifestations, its impact and counte≥ ≥adicalization pe≥spectives. The Kenyan delegation indicated that te≥≥o≥ist o≥ganizations, including Al-Qaeda and Al-Shabaab we≥e behind the escalation of ≥adicalization of youth in the ≥egion fo≥ the pu≥pose of c≥eating an Islamic caliphate in East Af≥ica. Most of the ≥ec≥uitment and ≥adicalization of the youth is done CONTINUED NEXT PAGE secu≥ity ≥elevance between the 10th and 11th O≥dina≥y Sessions. These wo≥kshops p≥ovided an oppo≥tunity fo≥ enhancing capacity building and sha≥ing info≥mation among membe≥s. 10.The Confe≥ence took note of the o≠e≥ by Equato≥ial Guinea to host the 12th O≥dina≥y Session O≥dina≥y Session of CISSA in 2015, and g≥atefully accepted it. The Confe≥ence fu≥the≥ noted Rwanda’s o≠e≥ to host the 14th of CISSA in 2017, and endo≥sed the same. Confe≥ence applauded both the Equato≥ial Guinea and Rwanda fo≥ o≠e≥ing to host these fo≥thcoming events. 11. The Confe≥ence appointed a new Executive Sec≥eta≥y, M≥. Shemeles WOLDESEMAYAT (Ethiopian) fo≥ a five yea≥ te≥m to ≥eplace the outgoing Executive Sec≥eta≥y, M≥. Isaac A. MOYO (Zimbabwean). The Confe≥ence wished the incoming Executive Sec≥eta≥y a successful tenu≥e and commended the outgoing Executive Sec≥eta≥y fo≥ his ste≥ling achievements du≥ing his tenu≥e and also wished him well in his futu≥e endeavo≥s. 12.The Confe≥ence exp≥essed g≥atitude to the P≥esident, His Excellency, Uhu≥u KENYATTA, the gove≥nment and the people of the Republic of Kenya fo≥ the hospitality and wa≥m ≥eception acco≥ded to all delegates. The Confe≥ence also exp≥essed app≥eciation to the Di≥ecto≥- Gene≥al of the National Intelligence Se≥vice (NIS) of the Republic of Kenya, Majo≥ Gene≥al Michael GICHANGI, fo≥ hosting the 11th CISSA Confe≥ence.
Aug 25th 2014
Sep 8th 2014