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The East African : Sep 22nd 2014
46 ELECTRICITY PROJECT GOING LIVE Solar plant to power Ssese islands Residents of Bugala Island will have powe≥ all the time, up f≥om just six hou≥s By ISAAC KHISA The eastAfrican when Kalangala Infrastructure Services (KIS), a subsidiary of UKbased InfraCo Ltd, switches on its 1.6MW hybrid power plant located on the Ssese islands. The solar system will gener- U ate 0.6MW of electricity, working in tandem with a 1MW thermal plant, to provide 24-hour electricity to 2,000 customers on Bugala Island. Bugala is the largest of the 84 islands which form the Ssese Islands in the northwestern part of Lake Victoria. The development is expected to spur investment in the hospitality industry, whose operators have long complained about the lack of reliable power. Until now, the few residents of Bugala relied on just 485KW of thermal power, supplied by the Kalangala Town Council, which is on for only six hours a day. “We are very happy with the ongoing developments, because the price of grid power will likely be lower than the current cost of our onsite 40 KVA generator that uses over 30 litres of petrol per night,” said Cosmas Kimbugwe, the spokesperson for Ssese Islands Club on Bugala Island. With a litre of petrol costing Ush3,700 ($1.4) that translates into a daily bill of Ush111,000 ($42). Barbra Kikomeko, the operations director at Ssese Islands Beach Hotel, said an alternative power source coupled with a better road network will help improve their efficiency in serving customers. KIS managing director John Opiro said 2,000 meters had been connected to their grid, and anoth- ganda’s first large-scale power project goes live next month The EastAfrican BUSINESS SEPTEMBER 20-26,2014 Geothe≥mal now la≥gest supplie≥ to Kenya’s g≥id By ALLAN OLINGO The EastAfrican KENYA’S GEOTHERMAL electricity surpassed expectations to become the country’s largest source of power in the month of July. Geothermal power provided 257.71 million kilowatts to the national grid, while hydropower contributed 253.87 million kilowatts, and thermal generation 251.50 million kilowatts. According to data released by the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) in May, thermal generation contributed the most that month with 295.89 million kilowatts, with hydropower at 250.18 million kilowatts and geothermal 190.75 million kilowatts. There has been a boost in the The Kalangala Infrastructure Services solar project on Bugala Island in Uganda. Picture: Isaac Khisa er 3,000 consumers were expected to sign up over the next five years. “We will use solar to generate electricity on the island during the day and thermal generators during the night,” Mr Opiro said. KIS has invited bidders for fuel supply to run the thermoelectric generators, and fill the 50,000-litre reservoir to cater for any incidences of fuel shortages. Uganda’s solar plant on Bugala is part of four ongoing $50 million infrastructural development projects expected to improve connectivity and accessibility between the mainland and the island. Other components of the project include building a double-hulled commercial ferry, a water supply 1.6MW By ROSEMARY MIRONDO Special Correspondent TANZANIA IS seeking investors for its gas distribution network that is expected to distribute natural gas to about 8,000 vehicles and 30,000 households in Dar es Salaam city. This is after the completion of a Tsh2.6billion ($1.6million) feasibility study on the project in Dar es Salaam. Joyce Kisamo, acting director of directorate downstream at Tanzania Petroleum Development Corporation (TPDC), said the study was done by KIMPHIL Konsult (T) Ltd, who also conducted a detailed engineering design for the project. She said the project, which is estimated to cost Tsh162.6billion ($100 million), will start as soon as funds are available. “We are currently exploring different op- Tanzania is looking for investors for natural gas distribution. Pic: AFP system, and upgrading of the existing 66 kilometre main island road to Class B gravel; they are set to be complete by December. The KIS project is being financed through equity and debt from InfraCo, Nedbank from South Africa, Uganda Development Corporation and Emerging Africa Infrastructure Fund. The United States Agency for In- ternational Development, UK’s Department for International Development, and Guarant Company are other financiers of the project. The joint venture has only one ferry, MV Pearl, operating between Bukakata and Luuku; a second one is under construction. Though road and ferry services Total amount of electricity that will be available to customers on Bugala Island from next month will be offered to users for free for 15 years, water and electricity users will have to pay monthly for the services. The completion of the new infra- structural developments on Bugala Island will also boost marketing of agricultural products, especially RENEWABLE The Kalangala project comprises the development of a 1.6MW power generation system through a renewable energy mini-grid, 33kv transmission system, a low voltage distribution system, and the installation of a prepaid metering system to households and businesses. The distribution system includes the installation of an initial two-thousand domestic connections at various load centres on the island, with further connections growing over time. those involved in palm oil growing. Over 1,700 small-holder farmers grow palm oil in Bugala Island on the 3,500 hectares of land, according to Kalangala Oil Palm Growers Trust, whereas the regional edible oil and soap manufacturer Bidco grows on 6,500 hectares of land. Tanzania completes plan to dist≥ibute gas to use≥s tions for financing the project, ranging from private financiers to strategic partners, under a public-private partnership,” she said. The process of pro- curing the contractor will start after the financing option has been reached. She said 15 com- pressed natural gas (CNG) stations will be set up in phases, start- ing with the construction of five stations. “The plan is that the distributions pipelines to households and institutions should be laid in all the districts, and connection will be done after the availability of customers,” Ms Kisamo said. Depending on the availability of funds, the project is expected to take about 15 months to complete. She said a major challenge facing the project is the poor plan of the city, which is causing difficulties in identifying routes for the construction of the distribution network and its associated facilities; they are looking at available options to go around it. “We plan to distribute the gas to the whole of Dar es Salaam, starting with planned areas first while looking for the best way to supply the unplanned areas,” Ms Kisamo said. Laying the network for the natural gas distri- bution pipeline from Ubungo to Mikocheni, and to 70 houses in Mikocheni area, proved challenging because water, underground electric lines, communications cable suppliers do not have drawings. geothermal sector from the government, in a drive to cushion the grid from overdependence on the hydroelectricity. Last month, Kenya’s Energy and Petroleum Principal Secretary Joseph Njoroge said key geothermal power projects will be completed by the end of the year, and a total of 280MW injected into the power system from four power plants. “We already have 140 mega- watts of geothermal added to the grid in the last two months, another 70 megawatts will be fed into the grid in September, and an additional 70MW in October. These are projects under the 5000MW project,” Mr Njoroge said. Awarded tenders Three firms were awarded ten- ders for phase one of the Menengai geothermal project. Sosian Energy, Ormat and Quantum will construct the 35-megawatt plant under a build-own-operate model. July experienced the largest power loss (difference between total generation and consumption) with 226.60 million kilowatts recorded. The last three months have also seen Kenya turn to Uganda, importing 37 million kilowatts, with 0.33 million kilowatts being sourced from Tanzania. Kenya currently has 1,664MW of capacity against a demand of 1,410MW, which is growing. The government plans to add 5,000MW to the country’s power output by 2017 to raise the power supply to 15,000MW by 2030. The Ministry of Energy and Petroleum’s 2013-2016 investment prospectus shows that the country’s geothermal generation makes up just under 250MW of the total electricity production of roughly 1650MW. By 2016, the country plans to have installed geothermal electricity generation capacity of 3533 megawatts, 1564 megawatts of hydropower and 1265.5 megawatts of wind energy.
Sep 15th 2014
Sep 29th 2014