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The East African : Sep 29th 2014
30 BEHIND THE HEADLINES Liberia in deal to protect forests, get aid Israeli detention camp ordered closed Freetown: Curfew helped contain Ebola Chinese firms ‘fuelling abuses in Africa’ The EastAfrican OUTLOOK SEPTEMBER 27 - OCTOBER 3, 2014 T I T B I T S The News: Liberia will become the first nation in Africa to stop cutting down its trees in return for development aid. The Lowdown: Norway will pay the impoverished West African country $150 million to stop deforestation by 2020. The Norwegians and the Liberian government signed a deal that they both believe will protect the forests into the future at the United Nations Climate Summit in New York recently. Some researchers have connected the current outbreak of Ebola with the widespread destruction of forests, bringing people into contact with natural reservoirs of the virus. The News: Israel’s High Court has ordered a a detention facility for migrants from Africa closed. The Lowdown: The country’s top judicial authority ordered the desert camp closed within three months, and banned new detentions for a year. The Holot detention centre holds migrants up to a year without trial, then releases the more than 2,000 people housed there within 90 days. The ruling struck down a measure passed by Israel’s parliament in December to incarcerate migrants indefinitely in a measure criticised by human rights groups. The News: Authorities in Sierra Leone have declared a three-day curfew aimed at containing the Ebola outbreak a success, saying the scheme had identified dozens of new infections and located scores of bodies. The Lowdown: Authorities said more than a million households were surveyed and 130 new cases discovered. In the most extreme strategy employed by a nation since the epidemic began, Sierra Leone ordered its six million residents to stay indoors as volunteers moved around educating households, isolating the sick and removing the dead. But some health groups have criticised the lockdown, saying it will destroy trust between patients and doctors. The News: A growing number of Chinese companies are exporting “tools of torture” such as electric shock batons and spiked metal batons, Amnesty International says in a report. The Lowdown: The rights group said more than 130 firms were involved in the trade, which is fuelling abuses in Africa and Asia. Amnesty said China was the only country known to manufacture spiked batons, which it said were “specifically designed as implements of torture.” Some items exported were “intrinsically cruel” and should be banned, it said. Other items were being exported to nations with the risk that they would be used to commit violations. National ≥esponsibility fo≥ climate change Building resilience and enabling adaptation to the inevitable impacts of climate was the key focus at the UN Climate Summit in New York last week. Climate change is affecting agriculture, human health, ecosystems, water supplies, and livelihoods, across the globe. While no country will be spared from climate change in the future, some countries, regions and populations are more vulnerable than others. There are different ways to compare national responsibility for climate change. These include current emissions — which can be viewed in absolute figures or on a per capita basis — as well as historical emissions and the carbon footprint of consumption including imported goods. The simplest and most common way to compare the emissions of countries is to add up all the fossil fuels burned and cement produced in each nation, and convert that into CO2. Top 10 emitters of greenhouse gases The top 10 emitters by measure of current CO2 Emissions 16.4 % 15.7 % 6.5 % 4.6 % 4.6 % 4.2 % 3.1 % 2.3 % 1.8 % 1.6 % 40.8 % Graphic; Felix Miring’u; Source: The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Greenhouse gases are accumulating in the earth’s atmosphere as a result of human activities, causing surface air temperatures and sub-surface ocean temperatures to rise. the primary greenhouse gas emitted through human activities of fossil fuels (coal, natural gas, and oil) for energy and transportation. Carbon dioxide (CO2) is Top 10 countries and their per-person CO2 emissions from fossil fuels and cement 36.9% 17.3 % 17 % 11.6 % 9.3 % 7.8 % 5.4 % 1.4 % 0.1 % 0.9 % 4.5 % 1.9pc Amount by which world carbon dioxide emissions are expected to increase by annually between 2001 and 2025. Much of the increase in these emissions is expected to occur in the developing world where emerging economies such as China and India, fuel economic development with fossil energy.
Sep 22nd 2014
Oct 6th 2014