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The East African : Oct 6th 2014
28 BEHIND THE HEADLINES UK relaxes travel advisory to Kenya The EastAfrican OUTLOOK OCTOBER 4-10,2014 T I T B I T S Eight migrants die daily on the seas Community shuns Ebola orphans UN brokers talks with Libyan MPs The News: The UK has relaxed its travel advisory for the Kenyan capital Nairobi, removing the caution against travelling to “township or slum areas” of the city. The Lowdown: Concerns over terrorism mean warnings against travel to the city’s Eastleigh suburb remain, along with two sections of the Coast and areas within 60km of the Somalia border. Relaxing the travel advisory brings Nairobi in line with other cities. The Foreign Office says in other comparable cities worldwide it does not detail particular areas that may or may not be safe to enter. The advisory had been in place since 2007 following the post-election violence. Reduce intake of salt On World Heart Day, marked on September 29, the World Health Organisation called on countries to take action on the overuse of salt by implementing WHO’s sodium reduction recommendations to cut down on the number of people experiencing heart diseases and stroke, and in turn, save lives. The News: Migrants trying to reach more prosperous countries have died at the rate of eight every day for the past 14 years, the majority of them trying to get to Europe, according to a comprehensive new tally of migrant deaths. The Lowdown: Almost 40,000 people have died on migrant routes worldwide, as estimated by the International Organisation for Migration (IOM) which added that 22,000 of them perished trying to get to Europe. An estimated 4,077 died this year alone, suggesting a sharply escalating problem. But the actual number of fatalities is likely to be higher than the figures in the report. The News: At least 3,700 children in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone who have lost one or both parents to Ebola this year are being shunned, the United Nations has said. The Lowdown: The UN found that children as young as three or four years old were discovered alone in the hospitals where their parents had died or back in their communities where, if they were lucky, they were being fed by neighbours — but all other contact with them was being avoided. Caregivers were urgently needed for these orphans. A basic human reaction like comforting a sick child has been turned “into a potential death sentence”, the UN said. The News: Representatives from rival factions in Libya’s new parliament held UN-brokered talks for the first time in the western oasis town of Ghadames. The Lowdown: Sitting members of the house of representatives met fellow MPs who have so far boycotted sessions. The talks were brokered by the recently-appointed UN special envoy to Libya, Bernardino Leon, who described the talks as “very constructive and positive”. He said they had “agreed to start a political process and to address all issues in a peaceful way with a very strong call for a complete ceasefire.” Representatives from the UK and Malta also attended the talks. 30pc WHO is supporting governments to implement the “Global action plan to reduce non communicable diseases,” which comprises nine global targets, including reduction of global salt intake by 30 per cent by 2025. 2-15 WHO recommends that children aged between 2 and 15 consume even less salt than this, adjusted to their energy requirements for growth 80pc In many countries, 80 per cent of salt intake comes from processed foods such as bread, cheese, bottled sauces, cured meats and readymade meals. Strategies to reduce salt intake include: >5g Reducing salt intake to less than 5 grams per day ( 1 tablespoon ) means fewer deaths and less disability and suffering from heart disease and stroke 10g On average, people consume around 10 grammes of salt per day. Consuming too much salt can lead (or contribute) to hypertension, or high blood pressure, and greatly increase the risk of heart disease and stroke. • Reading food labels when buying processed food to check salt levels • Asking for products with less salt when buying prepared food • Removing salt dispensers and bottled sauces from dining tables • Limiting the amount of salt added in cooking to a total maximum amount of a fifth of a tablespoon over the course of a day • Limiting frequent consumption of high salt products • Guiding children’s taste buds through a diet of mostly unprocessed foods without adding salt.
Sep 29th 2014
Oct 13th 2014