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The East African : Mar 23rd 2015
The EastAfrican MAGAZINE MARCH 21-27,2015 VII ms in financial c≥isis NMK-≥un museums 1. Nairobi National Museum 2. Nairobi Snake Park 3. Nairobi Gallery 4. Karen Blixen 5. Fort Jesus 6. Lamu 7. Kisumu 8. Malindi 9. Kitale 10. Desert Museum-Marsabit 11. Gede Ruins 12. Kariandusi 13. Kapenguria 14. Meru 15. Hyrax Hill 16. Kabarnet 17. Narok 18. Rabai 19. Wajir 20. Tambach 21. Nyeri s need rehabilitation and maintenance. Picture: File Museums — though originating arious counties — will remain l treasures although they can ed to those who want to exhibit cally in the counties. collection includes various arical finds and specimens such as kana Boy, plus various cultural s from all the country’s 42 ethups, put together over the years he National Museums of Kenya m was established in 1910. zalendo said that he is planning ive programmes to improve the ms’s financial standing such as up a Ksh1 billion ($10 million) ment fund that will be used to esearch activities at the institud improve its operations. wment funds are normally set non-profit ities, hospitals institutions such as and churches, ow regular withdrawals for ops or special projects. Jesus in Mombasa which used ect Ksh10 million ($106,000) nth in tourist fees two years now collecting only Ksh450,000 ), while the Nairobi Museum rns only Ksh2 million ($21,000) down from Ksh9 million per month two years ago. The National Museums of Kenya is currently facing a deficit of Ksh300 million ($3.2 million) annually since expenditure has remained at Ksh1.1 billion ($10 million), while income has gone down to 800 million ($8.5 million). The institution is also struggling with bills of Ksh750 million ($7.9 million) dating back to June 2014. Dr Kibunjia added that the Museums will also introduce specialised courses on geology, natural history and prehistory, to attract the middle class. Museums’ staff will also receive man- datory training on how to write applications for grants. The government already supports a rehabilitation programme for Lamu’s Old Town, but more needs to be done. The programme has put aside a rotating fund of Ksh1 billion ($10 million) for the rehabilitation of historic homes in Old Town threatened by private developers. Property owners in Old Town are expected to borrow money at one per cent interest from the rotating fund to rehabilitate their homes and keep developers from buying and demolishing them Sites and monuments previously under the National Museums of Kenya 1. Oleorgesailie 2. Uhuru Gardens 3. Koobi Fora 4. Jumba la Mtwana 5. Siyu Fort 6. Songor 7. Thimlich Ohinga 8. Takwa Ruins in order to put up modern units. A number of buildings in Mombasa’s Old Town are also gazetted as national monuments although they are privately owned. The owners are prohibited from doing repair works without permission from the Museums, and are not allowed to demolish the houses to put up modern ones either. The Old Town has narrow alleys of unique Swahili architecture, featuring mulistoreyed coral stone houses with carved wooden doors and windows and carved wood hanging balconies, and is considered a living culturage heritage. Besides a lack of funds for conser- vation, the Museums is also grappling with transition following the transfer of some of its functions and management roles to county governments following the promulgation of a new constitution in 2010 that created 47 counties. The Museums, which previously managed 21 museums and nine sites and monuments countrywide, is now in the process of handing them over to county governments. County governments will now be in charge of what were once considered national monuments and have to manage them according to national and international standards. The exact number of sites and monuments to be handed over to the Counties is yet to be established but The Turkana Monument despicting the Turkana Boy, the 1.6 millionyear-old fossil found in 1984, The site was builr at a cost of Ksh20 million between the Turkana County Government, Museums and the national government. Left: The first police station built in Kenya in Mombasa’a Old Town, is typical of Swahili architecture with a wooden hanging balcony. The abandoned building is a national monument and therefore cannot be demolished. The Museums needs money to rehabilitate and preserve this historic building. Picture: File the Museums is going to retain those with international significance such as Fort Jesus. Sites like Thimlich Ohinga in Migori County, the Tom Mboya and Jaramogi Oginga Odinga mausoleums and libraries in western Kenya, are also to be retained by the national institution given that the transition to county governments will be implemented in phases. Already, the Loyangalani Desert Museum in northwestern Kenya has been taken over by Marsabit County which has already invested Ksh20 million for its improvement.
Mar 16th 2015
Mar 30th 2015