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The East African : Aug 29th 2015
16 ANOTHER CCM DEFECTION Presidential campaigns kick off in Tanzania The launch coincided with yet anothe≥ high p≥ofile defection f≥om the ≥uling pa≥ty By ERICK KABENDERA The EastAfrican with the official launch of the presidential campaigns. The start of the campaigns coin- T cided with yet another high-profile defection of former Prime Minister Frederick Sumaye from the ruling party, Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM). Dr John Pombe Magufuli of CCM launched his campaign drive with a promise to transform Tanzania into an industrial hub and to revive the national carrier. Edward Lowassa, the opposition group, Ukawa, presidential candidate has been using public transport and visiting markets to identify with ordinary Tanzanians. The defection of Frederick Sumaye, the country’s longest serving prime minister who held the docket for the 10 years President Benjamin Mkapa was in power, surprised many party members. Mr Sumaye, however, did not re- veal which opposition party he would join. Sources within the opposition said he would join NCCR-Mageuzi party. However, he would not become the party’s presidential candidate since all parties have nominated their candidates. Mr Sumaye’s defection gave cur- rency to rumours that politicians from northern Tanzania, where the main opposition party Chadema enjoys strong support, were all joining Ukawa. However, Mr Sumaye said his de- he race to Ikulu, Tanzania’s State House, kicked off last week cision had nothing to do with Mr Lowassa’s region of origin: “I want to use my administrative experience to speed up people’s development soon after the October election,” he said. Political scientists and observers are raising concern that the country’s politics could be structured along religion and regional lines. According to Dr Benson Bana, a political scientist and lecturer at the University of Dar es Salaam, the two issues could divide the country. “We don’t talk about them yet they are key issues that people use to make voting decisions,” Dr Bana said. Dr Magufuli comes from Mwan- za in the Lake Zone region, which has about 10 million out of the 23 million registered voters while Mr Lowassa comes from Northern Tanzania where Chadema enjoys strong support. CCM presidential candidate Dr Magufuli officially launched his presidential campaigns last Sunday. He has consistently talked tough on corruption, saying he would establish a special court on corruption to speed up all corruption related cases. Mr Lowassa was expected to launch his campaigns at the weekend. His Ukawa group has accused the government of trying to sabotage its campaigns after the municipal council denied it the opportunity to use the Jangwani grounds in Dar es Salaam to launch the campaigns. Ukawa co-chairman and NCCR- Mageuzi national chairman, James Mbatia said the opposition was con- Dr Magufuli just after nomination to run on the CCM ticket. Picture: File FREDERICK SUMAYE He becomes the second ex-premier to ditch the ruling Chama Cha Mapinduzi to join a coalition of opposition parties, popularly known as Ukawa – formed by Chadema, CUF, NCCR-Mageuzi and NLD. The premier, who served during Benjamin Mkapa’s administration for 10 consecutive years, said he defected to Ukawa so as to render the country a strong leadership after October elections. He said escalating corruption and cerned by the frequent interference by the security organs in their programmes and asked the National Electoral Commission to intervene. The Tanzania Civil Aviation Au- thority (TCAA) has asked presidential aspirants using helicopters in their campaigns to ensure safety of people on the ground. blunders by CCM leaders during intraparty electoral processes had weakened it giving the opposition popularity. “It’s so difficult to withhold the ongoing wave of change. I believe Ukawa will win this year’s elections because people are fed-up of empty promises and all they need is change. I’m optimistic Ukawa will win this year’s elections,” he said. The Citizen The EastAfrican NEWS AUGUST 29 - SEPTEMBER 4, 2015 CCM and opposition bank on youth votes By ERICK KABENDERA The EastAfrican BOTH THE ruling CCM and the opposition, under the Ukawa umbrella, have put their hopes in the youth, with the latter stipulating in its manifesto that it will focus on creating more jobs for the youth while the opposition terms unemployment a time-bomb. The youth could determine the outcome of the election as the National Electoral Commission statistics show that over 70 per cent of registered voters are aged between 18 and 45 years. Those above 45 represent on- ly 30 per cent of the registered voters. Dar es Salaam has recorded the biggest voter registration after registering 2. 8 million (101.2 per cent) voters, slightly surpassing a target of 2. 7 million eligible voters. The country’s biggest city has three million eligible voters. More voters In total, the NEC has registered 23 million voters, compared with 20 million voters in 2010. Of these, five million will vote for the first time. According to Tanzania Bureau of Statistics (TBS) statistics, 78 per cent of the country’s population is below 35 years. January Makamba, a young politician, says the youth face several challenges, particularly employment, and want a voice in the decision-making. But Mr Makamba doubts the youth’s commitment to voting. Ukawa’s presidential candi- date Edward Lowassa has been talking about the importance of education to guarantee the youth a better quality of life. The CCM’s manifesto states that its priority is to build small and medium industries to create jobs for the youth. Kenyatta to ≥evive ailing pee≥ ≥eview mechanism By TREVOR ANALO The EastAfrican Kenya’s President Uhuru Kenyatta is leading efforts to give a fresh impetus to the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM), which was initiated 12 years ago to institutionalise good governance and democratic leadership on the continent. The Kenyan leader, who was elected APRM forum chairperson in June, will convene a summit of heads of state on September 11 to resolve the problems that have frustrated the initiative, including failure by states to fund activities and reluctance by some countries to be peer-reviewed. The APRM was the brainchild of former South African president Thabo Mbeki, who led other African heads of state in signing onto a programme that would see countries President Kenyatta agreeing to be assessed by fellow African countries and encouraged to improve their governance. It was seen as a major step towards ensuring Africans were finding solutions to African problems, and taking charge of the continent’s destiny. With the APRM de- fining “good governance” and “democracy” in the African context, it was envisaged to enable African countries to conduct their own appraisals, have constructive dialogue with each other and share best practices among themselves. In APRM, the region’s leaders not only saw an African-owned and African-driven system that would help Africa improve its governance; but they also saw a political tool that could help them keep the West from poking its nose in its affairs. It helped many countries to open up the political space and its reports have been used by donors, foreign investors and nations such as Ghana to build their international reputation as reformers and well-governed countries. However, the APRM has faded fast from the collective memories of most Africans because a number of the 35 countries that have signed up – up don’t pay their minimum $100,000 annual contribution. Last year, Djibouti requested to be reviewed, but APRM said it was too broke to travel to the country to conduct the review – which costs anything between $1 million to $3 million. Another problem facing APRM is that very few countries that have signed up are not willing to be reviewed. To date, only 17 out of 35 member countries have been reviewed. In 2006, Ghana completed its first review, followed by Rwanda and Kenya in 2007. Algeria and South Africa did their review in 2008 while Benin, Uganda, Nigeria and Burkina Faso in 2009. Mali, Mozambique and Lesotho followed in 2010, Mauritius in 2011, Ethiopia; in 2012 and the last countries to be reviewed were Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Zambia in 2013. And those that have been reviewed more often than not refuse to implement the recommendations and reforms proposed by the review team.
Aug 22nd 2015
Sep 5th 2015