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The East African : Sep 5th 2015
24 BEHIND THE HEADLINES Mystery of missing terrorism suspects The EastAfrican OUTLOOK SEPTEMBER 5-11,2015 T I T B I T S Truck crash kills girls in Swaziland Shabaab storm AU army base Journalists get three years jail term The News: Kenya’s National Police Service has denied claims that its officers are behind the disappearance of a number of terrorism suspects. The Lowdown: A section of political leaders from northern Kenya and civil society activists led by Al-Amin Kimathi have alleged that a number of youths had fallen victim to police brutality. Human-rights activists have started a countrywide awareness campaign meant to sensitise terror suspects on the need to honour police summons. Police spokesman Charles Owino said they have registered cases of youths who have fled to the war-torn Somalia to join the Al Qaeda-linked Al Shabaab militia. The News: A number of girls who were travelling in an open truck died on their way to cut reeds for the annual Umhlanga Reed Dance in Swaziland where tens of thousands of topless virgins dance in front of the king. Lowdown: There is deep suspicion in Swaziland that King Mswati III’s regime is not telling the truth about the number of deaths in the Reed Dance road smash. Official police figures put the number of deaths at 13, but one pro-democracy group, Swaziland Solidarity Network has said it is as high as 65. The police and the local media have been barred from reporting on the incident. The network says the Swazi government must be held accountable. 2030: Wo≥ld population to ≥ise to 8.5b The world’s population is projected to increase to 8.5 billion by 2030, and exceed 11 billion within the next century, a United Nations report says. And there should be 11.2 billion people on Earth by the end of this century. Nine countries are expected to make up half of the world’s population growth between now and Most populous countries 2015 (millions) China India United States Indonesia Brazil Pakistan Nigeria Bangladesh Russia Mexico 1,372 1,314 321 256 205 199 182 160 144 127 2050: India, Nigeria, Pakistan, Congo, Ethiopia, Tanzania, the U.S., Indonesia and Ghana. Africa has the highest current rate of population growth of any continent and is expected to account for more than half of the world’s population growth between 2015 and 2050. 7.3b Lorer adio od tat praesequam am, vendreet lore conse feu faccumm diamcor ipisci $15,030 Average global gross national income per capita—$39,020 in more developed countries, $2,270 in least developed. 11b Median age of the population by country in East Africa, 1950- 2100 World Africa Asia Europe Latin America and the Caribbean Northern America Oceania 2100 The World Population Prospects: 2015 Revision places the current world population at 7.3 billion, and projects it will increase to 9.7 billion by 2050 and exceed 11 billion by the year 2100. Population of the world and major areas, 2015, 2030, 2050 and 2100 Major area Population (billions) 2015 2030 2050 7.34 1. 18 4.39 8.5 1.67 4.92 9. 72 2.47 5.26 0.738 0.734 0.707 0.634 0.721 0.784 0.358 0.396 0.433 0.039 0.047 0.057 2100 11.21 4.38 4.88 0.646 0.721 0.500 0.071 Source: United Nations, Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs Uganda 5.9 Countries with the highest fertility rates (lifetime births per woman) 5.9 5.9 Mozambique Mali 6.0 Burkina Faso 6.1 Angola 6.2 C. African Republic 6.2 Burundi 6.5 Chad 6.6 6.6 Somalia DR Congo Source: PBR, UN 6.9 7.6 South Sudan Niger Percentage of demand for family planning satisfied by modern contraceptive methods The News: Militants from the Somalia’s AlQaeda-affiliated Al Shabaab group last week rammed a suicide car bomb into an African Union army base. Lowdown: The rebels said in a statement that the Amisom troops had fled the base, situated in Janale district, 80 kilometres southwest of Mogadishu in the lower Shabele region. The base is thought to be manned by Burundian soldiers. The militants, who are fighting to overthrow Somalia’s internationally-backed and AU-protected government, confirmed they were behind the attack. In June, Al Shabaab killed dozens of Burundian soldiers when they overran an Amisom outpost northwest of the capital. The News: An Egyptian judge has sentenced three journalists to three years in prison in connection with their work forAl-Jazeera English Service, a verdict denounced by rights groups and news organisations as an assault on press freedom. Lowdown: The ruling was the latest turn in a winding 20-month legal battle in which journalists Mohamed Fahmy, Baher Mohamed and Peter Greste have already spent more than 400 days in prison. The case has been a high-profile illustration of the erosion of media freedom in Egypt in the two years since the military removed the country’s elected Islamist president, Mohamed Morsi, from power.
Aug 29th 2015
Sep 12th 2015