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The East African : Sep 19th 2015
26 BEHIND THE HEADLINES Kabila must go, say Kinshasa protesters Police accused of extrajudicial killings ICC calls first witness in Ntaganda trial Quarantine imposed as Ebola returns The EastAfrican OUTLOOK SEPTEMBER 19-25,2015 T I T B I T S The News: More than 1,000 people demonstrated in the streets of Kinshasa on Tuesday against what they said are plans by President Joseph Kabila to cling on to power. The Lowdown: The crowd, which gathered in the N’djili commune of Kinshasa, waved flags of opposition parties and banners reading “Respect for the constitution is not negotiable” and “Mr Kabila’s mandate ends on December 19, 2016.” Kabila’s opponents accuse him of trying to stay in office beyond the end of his second and final elected term next December. He took power in 2001, when his father Desire Kabila was assassinated, and won disputed elections in 2006 and 2011. The News: Kenya’s security forces have been accused of carrying out extrajudicial killings since Al-Shabaab’s deadly siege of Nairobi’s Westgate shopping mall in 2013. The Lowdown: In a report titled The Error of Fighting Terror with Terror, the Kenya National Commission on Human Rights said it had recorded 120 “egregious” violations, including 81 “enforced disappearances.” The security forces also allegedly tortured people through “beatings, water-boarding, electric shocks, genital mutilation, exposure to extreme cold or heat, hanging on trees, mock executions, exposure to stinging by ants in the wild, and denial of sleep and food,” it said. The wo≥ld’s population is ageing Life expectancy at 60 in many countries is now at least a third more than what it was in the mid20th century. While many more old people are reported to be living in better health and comfort than in the past, millions still face a bleak old age, according to this year’s Global AgeWatch Index. As fertility declines and life expectancy increases, the proportion of people aged 60 and over is projected to grow in all regions of the world. Number and proportion of older people globally in 2015, 2030, 2050 21.5pc 16.5pc 12.3pc 2015 2030 2050 Proportion of population aged 60 or over in 2015 and 2050 It is projected that in 2050, 10-19pc of Kenyan, Ethiopian and Rwandan population will be aged 60 years or over. As of 2015, only 0-9pc of the countries is aged 60 years or over. Pc of people at age 60+ 5.5pc 4.5pc 4.2pc 3.8pc 4.9pc 3.7pc 6.8pc 6.0pc 5.2pc 4.8pc 4.5pc 2050 2030 7.2pc 12.0pc 6.3pc 2015 0.5m 1.5m 2.6m 0.5m 9.6pc Population age 60+ in 2015 2.1m Why measure wellbeing in old age? Growing older is an experience we all share. Today’s over-60s are the world’s fastest growing population group, profoundly affecting our economies, living arrangements, and personal and professional aspirations. Although it is not always recognised as such, ageing is the great success story of human development, resulting from falling birth rates and longer lives. Top five countries; the higher the rank, the better the quality of life for older people (Population of people over 60 years) Switzerland Norway Sweden Germany Canada RWANDA 0.5m of the population are over 60 years. Rwanda ranks low in the age index, at 89 overall. Health It ranks low in the health domain, at 81 globally, with 3 in every 10 people over 50 years (30.0%) have good health. Rwanda’s life expectancy is 18 years which is above the regional average of 17. However, it is below the Global Index average of 21 years. The average number of years a person aged 60 can expect to live in good health is only 13.3 years. 2030: 6.3% of population will be over 60 years. 2050: 12.0% of population will be over 60 years. Income security Rwanda ranks lowest in the income security domain at 93, with very low pension income coverage (4.7%) and a higher than average old age poverty rate of 19.9% compared with other countries in Africa. Rwanda’s gross national income per capita is $1,386.2. Enabling environment It ranks 13 in the enabling environment domain, the highest in its region with ratings well above regional and Index averages on all indicators. In social connectedness, 8 in every 10 people over 50 (78%) have relatives or friends they can count on when in trouble. 2.0 million 1.1 million 2.5 million 22.3 million 8.0 million The News: The first witness in the trial of former Congolese rebel Bosco Ntaganda at the International Criminal Court began testifying on Tuesday. The Lowdown: Ntaganda, referred to as Terminator, has been charged with 18 counts of war crimes and crimes against humanity. Concealed from the public, the man spoke slowly in Kiswahili, at times clearly fearful of revealing anything that could give away his identity. He said fighters from the Union of Congolese Patriots rebel group came to his village in the Ituri region to “wage war” and stole his gold, money and flattened his home. Gen Ntaganda was a UPC commander. The News: Health authorities quarantined hundreds of people in northern Sierra Leone this week after a 16-year-old girl died of Ebola. The Lowdown: Officials said it was an apparent case of sexual transmission. Sierra Leone celebrated last month when it discharged the last remaining Ebola patient from its treatment centres. But since then, a new spate of cases has erupted, leaving two dead and five people in treatment. The worst outbreak of Ebola on record has killed more than 11,000 people in Sierra Leone, Guinea and neighbouring Liberia since December 2013. UGANDA 1.5m of the population are over 60 years. Uganda ranks low in the age index, at 88 overall. Health Uganda ranks low in the health domain at 92. According to the report, only 2 in every 10 people over 50 years (22.1%) have good health. It has below regional averages for the life expectancy at 60, with 16years being the average number of years a person aged 60 can expect to live while the Income security When it comes to income security, Uganda is said to have one of the highest of old age poverty in Africa —at 20.7% — and low pension income coverage of only 6.6% of people over 65 receiving a pension. The country’s gross national income per capita is $1,300.3 Enabling environment Uganda ranks low at 70 (half of people over 50 years live in conducive environment), but has above regional average percentages for social connectedness (76% i.e 8 in every 10 people over 50 years have relatives or friends they can count on when in trouble.) 2030: 3.7% of population will be over 60 years. 2050: 6.1% of population will be over 60 years.
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