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The East African : Oct 3rd 2015
12 INCORPORATION OF REBELS Suspicion as Kiir integrates militia, army Gove≥nment says the move is intended to ≥each out to those who fought alongside its soldie≥s By FRED OLUOCH Special Correspondent S outh Sudan President Salva Kiir’s incorporation of “friendly” militias into the national army has raised suspicion among the rebel side that he intends to boost the number of government soldiers before integration in 18 months. However, the government said the move is intended to reach out to those who have been fighting alongside its soldiers but were not recognised in the peace agreement. On September 27, President Kiir issued a decree naming Lt-Gen Bapiny Monytuil the deputy chief of general staff for moral orientation of the AGREEMENT South Sudan SPLA soldiers. President Salva Kiir has began integrating militia into the army. Picture: File Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA). He also promoted James Gai Yoach from commander to LieutenantGeneral, and directed his top general to reintegrate Lt-Gen Yoach’s forces into the national army. In 2011, Lt-Gen Monytuil, based in Unity State, joined another officer, Peter Gatdet, and rebelled against the government over what they termed as autocracy, bad governance and corruption. However, in 2012, they made peace with the government. The rebel side, led by Riek Machar, expressed concern that by integrating Nuer militias, the president is playing ethnic politics that could go against plans to transform the SPLA into a conventional and national army. Adel Sandrai, the rebel PTA BANK Eastern and Southern African Trade and Development Bank VACANCY The Eastern and Southern African Trade and Development Bank commonly known as the PTA Bank, is the financial arm of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA). 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Working knowledge of the other language shall be an added advantage. Applications should include a resume, recent passport size photo, full contact address and the names and addresses of three referees. Candidates must have a good knowledge of the operating environment. Please note that only shortlisted candidates will be contacted for interviews. Interested and qualified candidates should express their interest by submitting their applications directly to firstname.lastname@example.org by 14th October 2015. movement’s spokesman in Kenya, said President Kiir wants to be seen to be working with the community of the rebel leader, adding that the militias are securing their future, which they believe lies with the government. Since taking over the SPLA leadership after the death of John Garang, President Kiir has consistently pursued a policy of offering top military positions to those who have rebelled, as a means of quelling dissent. But it has not gone well because the The peace deal signed in August calls for the demilitarisation of the capital Juba, which has remained under government control with the assistance of Ugandan forces; it requires the government and rebels to share control over the nation’s oil fields, where fighting has been fiercest; and it outlines a process that would return Dr Machar to government as vice president. militias remain loyal to their leaders. South Sudan deputy am- bassador to Kenya James Morgan said that Juba had initiated the process of integrating the militias into the national army in 2012 before the civil war broke out, and that President Kiir should continue with the process now that the peace agreement has been signed. “These are people who have been fighting with us in Unity and Upper Nile States, and we were working with their commanders to make The EastAfrican NEWS OCTOBER 3-9,2015 sure they were integrated. However, they will undergo vetting to ensure that only those who are fit in terms of literacy, training and physical fitness will be absorbed,” said Mr Morgan. He said that even though Dr Machar has a large number of troops, not all fighters will be absorbed because each of them will be screened and those found unfit are likely to redeployed to the wildlife services, prisons, or the police. “This is a good opportuni- ty for the country to come up with the exact number of army personnel it needs to encourage professionalism and move away from the old practice of absorbing any militia for the sake of maintaining peace,” Mr Morgan added. At a workshop on security in Addis Ababa from September 13 to 18, the government and rebel sides agreed to create a joint office of chief of general staff to manage the military for 18 months before the two armies are integrated into one national army with a single command. Meanwhile, the Uganda People’s Defence Forces who have been helping the government side, have started withdrawing from South Sudan. Officially, the UPDF is stationed in the capital Juba and Bor in Jonglei State, but the rebels have often accused the Ugandan troops of “straying” into other areas such as Malakal in Upper Nile. Ateny Wek Ateny, the spokesperson of the Office of the President, said that the UPDF has started withdrawing in order to beat the October 10 deadline set in the peace agreement. US, IMF discuss S. Sudan ≥escue By A SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT Bloomberg THE US and the International Monetary Fund are discussing a rescue package for South Sudan to help rebuild the economy after almost two years of war, a US envoy has said. Officials are in talks over the financial as- sistance required to restore macroeconomic stability to the oil-producing nation, US special envoy to South Sudan Donald Booth said by phone from New York. South Sudan’s economy is pro- jected to shrink 7.5 per cent this year, while the deficit on its $3.6 billion budget is expected to widen to 5.9 per cent of GDP from 3.7 per cent last year, according to the African Development Bank. “South Sudan has a serious matter. Conflict that erupted in December 2013 has killed tens of thousands of people, forced about two million to flee their homes, and slashed oil production, the source of most of the government’s revenue, by a third, to about 160,000 barrels a day. Annual inflation surged to 58.7 per cent in August from 51.9 per cent the month before, fuelled by a shortage of foreign exchange and high food prices. South Sudan has a serious budgetdeficiency problem.” US special envoy to South Sudan Donald Booth budget-deficiency problem that they need to address,” Mr Booth said, adding that the US wants to create a stable economic environment that will support the peace agreement signed last month. He did not specify how much will be required, or whether the IMF or US will extend loans. IMF’s South Sudan representative, Philippe Bossogo, said by e-mail that the IMF currently has no official position on the An accord signed by Presi- dent Salva Kiir and rebel leader Riek Machar in August includes commitments by their sides to a monitored ceasefire and sharing of government positions over a 30month transitional period scheduled to begin 90 days after the agreement. Violence has continued in the weeks since the pact, with South Sudan’s army saying several people have been killed in clashes in the country’s north. “The critical thing is what the South Sudanese are willing to put into this,” Mr Booth said. This year’s United Nations appeal for South Sudan faces a $731 million shortfall, and donors need to commit new money and release previous pledges to fund lifesaving programmes, Oxfam South Sudan’s Advocacy and campaigns manager Alison Martin said on Tuesday in a statement.
Sep 26th 2015
Oct 10th 2015