For Online E-newspaper
The East African : Oct 10th 2015
26 BEHIND THE HEADLINES Bashir arrest: SA asks for more time The EastAfrican OUTLOOK OCTOBER 10-16,2015 T I T B I T S Students return to school after strike Migrant crisis: EU to seize boats First week with no new Ebola cases The News: South Africa has requested more time to respond to the International Criminal Court on the country’s decision not to arrest Sudanese President Omar al Bashir last June. The Lowdown: The ICC had given South Africa until October 5 to explain its stance. The country’s International Relations Department spokesperson Clayson Monyela said their October 5 request was made with a view to assessing whether South Africa was in breach of its obligations to co-operate with the court. “South Africa has now approached the Court for more time to respond to this request,” said Mr Monyela. The News: Millions of Kenyan students returned to school this week after teachers suspended their five-week strike over a pay dispute. The Lowdown: Teachers unions say they are complying with a court decision, which gave the two sides 90 days to resolve the dispute. The row is over a court-ordered pay rise of at least 50 per cent, which the government is challenging, saying it is unaffordable. The strike had led to the government closing all public schools. The more than one million students who are set to sit public exams this month had been allowed to go to school, but no teaching was going on. Wo≥ld ma≥ks Day of the Gi≥l Child On October 11, the United Nation Children’s Fund (Unicef) celebrates the International Day of the Girl Child. This event, which was launched three years ago, is designed to promote the rights of girls and address some of the unique challenges they face. Under the theme The Power of the Adolescent Girl: Vision 2030, this year the world is celebrating the milestones achieved through the Millennium Development Goals. Unicef is also campaigning for investment in adolescent girls as a way of breaking intergenerational perpetuation of poverty, violence, exclusion and discrimination. EDUCATION Worldwide, half of the 57 million children of primary school age (between 6 and 11 years) who are not in school are girls. REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH Between 2011 and 2020, more than 140 million girls will become child brides. 16pc The News: The European Union will start intercepting boats smuggling migrants in the the southern Mediterranean. The Lowdown: Under Operation Sophia, naval vessels will seize and divert boats suspected of smuggling people. But many more migrants and refugees — especially Syrians fleeing the country’s civil war — are taking a different route. They are crossing overland into Turkey, before a short journey by sea to Greece and onwards to Europe, mainly Germany. This year, more than 130,000 migrants and refugees have crossed to Europe from the North African coast. More than 2,700 have drowned. The News: Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, have recorded their first week with no new cases of Ebola since the outbreak began in March last year. The Lowdown: While new cases have fallen sharply in 2015, the World Health Organisation notes that the disease could break out again. Several “high-risk” people linked to recent patients in Guinea and Sierra Leone had been lost track of; and more than 500 believed to have had dangerous contact with an Ebola patient remain under follow-up in Guinea. The epidemic is the worst known occurrence of Ebola in history, having killed more than 11,000 people in West Africa. Annual births by girls aged 15-19 years of all births in subSaharan Africa. FGM 100 million to 140 million girls and women worldwide have undergone female genital mutilation and more than three million girls are at risk of being “cut” each year in Africa. OTHER CHALLENGES In developing countries, 1 in every 3 girls is married before reaching 18 years and 20,000 girls under the age of 18 give birth every day. 31 million Estimated number of girls of primary school age who were out of school in 2013. 32 million Estimated number of girls of lower secondary school age who were out of school in 2013. Percentage of girls among the 28.5 million children who live in conflict affected countries 55pc Up to half of sexual assaults are committed against girls below the age of 16. Globally, 720 million women alive today were married before their 18th birthday. 14.2 million girls will marry too young annually. Of the 140 million girls who will marry before the age of 18, 50 million will be under the age of 15. A girl with several years of education marries four years later and has 2.2 fewer children. 70,00 The number o adolescent dea from complica of pregnancy and childbirth ev year, worldwide. Sources: State of the World Children Report 2015; Unesco Institute for Statistics (UIS), Unicef, UNFPA. Compiled by Elizabeth Merab. Gr Thousands of girls are kept away from school due to safety, financial, institutional and cultural barriers; pressure for early marriage; sexual harassment, school-related gender-based violence; religious constraints; domestic chores; and vulnerability to HIV/ Aids. AID PROGRAMMES There are many programmes that promote the welfare of rl child. g them is UKAid’s Education enge (GEC), which 7 projects in 18 ries across Africa, d at improving ng opportunities utcomes for up to million of the world’s marginalised girls. EC, which was hed in 2012, will rse $460 million to rojects.
Oct 3rd 2015
Oct 17th 2015