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The East African : Oct 17th 2015
22 BEHIND THE HEADLINES Cameroon to host ASF logistics base The EastAfrican OUTLOOK OCTOBER 17-23,2015 T I T B I T S Sankara body ‘riddled with bullets’ Is ‘Africa Rising’ a mirage? Ebola ‘lingers in semen for 9 months’ The News: The African Union Standby Force (ASF), which is expected to intervene to restore peace and security in member states, will soon go into operation. The Lowdown: Whereas it will come under the Peace and Security Commission of the AU in Addis Ababa, its logistics headquarters will be in the Cameroonian port city of Douala. The basing agreement was signed in the Cameroonian capital Yaounde on Monday by the AU Peace and Security commissioner Smail Chergui and Cameroon’s Defence Minister Joseph Beti Assomo. No mention, though, was made on when the force will be activated. The News: An autopsy shows the supposed remains of Burkina Faso’s former leader Thomas Sankara are “riddled with bullets,” his family’s lawyer said this week. The Lowdown: The family was still waiting for DNA results to confirm the body’s identity. Seen as Africa’s Che Guevara, the antiimperialist revolutionary was hastily buried in a 1987 coup. Permission for an exhumation was denied during the 27-year rule of his successor Blaise Compaore, who was ousted in an uprising last year. Mr Compaore has always denied being involved in the exleader’s killing, insisting that the “facts are known” and he has “nothing to hide.” The global cance≥ bu≥den October is the cancer awareness month in the world. With each passing year, reports still indicate that despite the awareness created, the number of breast cancer cases and related deaths is growing. GLOBAL TRENDS 7.9 million FACTS ON CANCER As a single entity, cancer is the biggest cause of mortality worldwide, there were an estimated 8.2 million deaths from cancer in 2012 Global cancer incidence over four years increased by 11 per cent to an estimated 14.1 million cases in 2012. SHARP RISE IN BREAST CANCER (rates per 100,000 women) Lung cancer Colorectal cancer Top 3 cancers in women Breast cancer Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer among women in 140 of 184 countries worldwide. 122.2 52.1 34.1 Leading fatal cancer types among women (rates per 100,000 women of all races) 36.4 Lung cancer Breast cancer Colorectal cancer The most commonly diagnosed cancers worldwide are; (In the entire population) Lung Liver Stomach Colorectal Breast Oesophageal 21.3 12.4 The most common cancer deaths (millions) are: 1.59m 0.745m 0.723m 0.694m 0.521m 0.4m CERVICAL CANCER Age-standardised rate of cervical cancer per 100,000 in East Africa Kenya Uganda Tanzania Rwanda Burundi 40.1 44.4 54 41.8 49.3 Sources: International Agencyfor Research on Cancer, World Health Organisation, Globocan, Nairobi Cancer Registry. Compiled by Elizabeth Merab Graphic by Felix Miring’u The disease now represents 1 in 4 (25%) of all cancers in women. 883,000 cases in less developed regions compared with 794,000 in developed regions. Reasons for the sharp increase A shift in lifestyles. Clinical advances to combat the disease are not reaching women living in less developed countries. Over 7.9 million deaths (13 per cent of total global mortality) annually are as a result of cancer. This figure is projected to rise to nearly 10 million unless the problem is addressed urgently. It is predicted that there will be 23.6m new cancer cases worldwide each year by 2030. More than 60 per cent of world’s total new annual cases occur in Africa, Asia and Central and South America. These regions account for 70% of the world’s cancer deaths. Prostate cancer is the leading cause for cancer incidence (1.4m) for men. The News: A dip in the fortunes of many African economies has raised doubts about the accuracy of the statistics that lured investors during the “Africa Rising” years. The Lowdown: Sub-Saharan Africa has achieved annual growth of more than 5 per cent over the past decade, and foreign investment has more than quadrupled over the same period, as a commodities boom and an increase in consumer spending drove bumper returns. But a slowdown in China has depressed demand and global prices for the exports that many African nations rely on, prompting the IMF and World Bank to slash economic growth forecasts this month. The News: Ebola persists in the semen of male survivors much longer than previously thought, a report in the New England Journal of Medicine shows. The Lowdown: The report found two-thirds of men had Ebola in their semen up to six months after infection, and a quarter after nine. A separate study in the same journal reports Ebola being spread through sex with a survivor six months after their symptoms had started. Men who have survived Ebola are being encouraged to wear condoms. Previous outbreaks of Ebola had shown the virus was present in semen for 82 days after the onset of symptoms.
Oct 10th 2015
Oct 24th 2015