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The East African : Apr 15th 2017
6 NEWS The EastAfrican APRIL 15-21,2017 Genocide su≥vivo≥ killed A JOINT REPORT The EastAfrican THE KILLING of a genocide survivor in Kigali has sparked public outrage and sent waves of fear among other survivors. Christine Iribagiza, 58, was killed on Thursday morning by unknown people who entered her home in Niboye suburb, Kicukiro district, stabbed the watchman several times, and broke into the house where they tied her up with ropes and strangled her. The murder happened on the last day of the Genocide Commemoration Week. Many Rwandans took to social media to condemn the crime. Rwanda National Police (RNP) confirmed that it had started investigations into the murder of the businesswoman, who is survived by one daughter. Most of her other family members were killed in the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi in 1994. “RNP can confirm that a 58-year old female, a genocide survivor, was murdered in her home by unknown people and we are currently investigating the case. We don’t have the motive and the people behind it yet,” said spokesperson ACP Theos Badege. Reports indicate that after the genocide, Ms Iribagiza left the country and settled in Bolivia and Belgium; she returned to Rwanda a few years ago to run a business. The manner in which she was killed left many puzzled. A local leader told The EastAfrican that her body was found in the room with candles lit around it. The stabbed guard, whom the assailants assumed was dead, was heard groaning in pain by passers-by, who alerted the police. The national commission for the fight against the genocide (CNLG) condemned the attack. “We suspect that this is another case of genocide ideology targeting genocide survivors. We have had such cases in the past where genocide survivors are targeted, attacked or threatened. This particular case should be investigated,” said Jean Damascene Bizimana, the executive secretary of CNLG. Dr Bizimana said that dur- ing the commemoration week, which started on April 7, a number of genocide ideology cases, mainly threats to survivors and acts of hate speech, were recorded and are being investigated by the police. Local media reported cases of people who refused to be part of commemoration activities, people who made hurtful remarks to genocide survivors, and others who questioned why Hutus who were killed are not commemorated. Rwandan laws punish the propagating of the genocide ideology, ethnic divisionism and genocide denial. However, CNLG says the We suspect that this is another case of genocide ideology targeting genocide survivors.” Executive secretary of CNLG, Dr Jean Damascene Bizimana law has loopholes because it punishes those thought to believe, harbour an aggregate of thoughts of, or spread genocide ideology, while what one says or speaks is not punished. CNLG says most acts of de- humanising, marginalising, “defaming, mocking, boasting, despising, [or] degrading” on the basis of “ethnic group” sometimes go unpunished. COMMON MARKET FOR EASTERN AND SOUTHERN AFRICA STRUCTURAL WEAKNESSES FDC supporters at a rally. Picture: File Intra-party strife tests political value systems F≥iction is ove≥ que≥ies about the legitimacy of top leade≥ship, pa≥ty agendas, and st≥ategies to win powe≥ By GAAKI KIGAMBO Special Correspondent parliament are grappling with internal strife that has put their structural weaknesses under renewed scrutiny. The friction in the Demo- U REQUEST FOR EXPRESSION OF INTEREST The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) has received financing from the World Bank towards the cost of Great Lakes Trade Facilitation Project and intends to apply part proceeds of this grant to payments under the contract for the engagement of eligible candidates for the following consultancy services: Tender No. CS/PRO/GLTFP/ JM/03/17 Description Provision of Technical and Advisory Services in the Implementation of Activities Related to Simplified Trade Regime (STR) PRO/GLTFP/JM/ 02/17 PRO/GLTFP/JM/ 01/17 Development of a Communication and Advocacy Strategy Development of Training Materials Eligibility Open Type of Consultant I n d i v i d u a l consultants Closing date and time 5th May 2017 10.30 hours, (Zambian Time) Open Firm 5th May 2017 10.30 hours, (Zambian Time) Open Firm 5th May 2017 10.30 hours, (Zambian Time Prospective bidders are advised to download the Request for Expression of Interest from the COMESA website www.comesa.int. Five Copies of the Expression of Interest must be deposited in the Tender Box located on the ground floor at the Main Reception Area at COMESA Secretariat, Ben Bella Road, Lusaka or submitted by courier and clearly labelled with the tender number to the following address: The Chairman – Procurement Committee COMESA Secretariat Ben Bella Road P.O. Box 30051 Lusaka, Zambia. Tel: (260) 211 229725. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org cratic Party (DP), Uganda People’s Congress (UPC), and the Forum for Democratic Change (FDC) is fuelled by contests over the legitimacy of their top leadership, the existing agenda (or lack of it) to consolidate and grow their bases, and the most effective strategy to win power. Even the ruling National Re- sistance Movement (NRM) is not faring much better. Concern has begun to emerge from its ranks over the need for internal transition. Like postindependence Uganda, the NRM has never had a peaceful change of leadership in the three decades it has held power — the longest run of any administration in the country apart from the colonial one. The latest row in Uganda’s oldest party, DP, pits president general Nobert Mao and national vice president Mukasa Mbidde against Betty Nambooze Bakireke, the deputy vice president for Buganda region. Ms Nambooze, the party’s most outspoken legislator, accuses Mr Mao and Mr Mbidde of steering DP in a wrong direction. They in turn accuse her of contravening the party’s ganda’s four political parties with representation in constitution and resolutions of its National Executive Committee by convening members without the party’s approval. Their rift came to a head on March 31, when Mr Mao and Mr Mbidde reportedly called the police on Ms Nambooze when she was holding a conference for the area under her jurisdiction to rouse the party’s ranks and revive its structures and visibility. Infiltration Then there is the NRM fac- tor; the ruling party has reportedly infiltrated other parties with the aim of sowing dissension to cripple them – a charge Ms Nambooze laid squarely at Mr Mao and Mr Mbidde’s feet. Under their watch, at least three high profile members, including the party’s chairperson, have joined the NRM government in ministerial SYMPTOMS “Parties’ limited interest and experience in programming is, in large part, a symptom of the political culture in Uganda, which is still dominated by the personalistic, regionally and ethnically polarised politics of representation,” noted an analysis of the Inter Party Organisation for Dialogue, an informal platform striving to promote mutual understanding and co-operation among parties with representation in parliament. and ambassadorial positions. Meanwhile, the FDC has wrestled with fears and accusations of infiltration since its inception in 2004. It is currently in a bitter quarrel with competing factions accusing each other of stagnating its growth. At the UPC, one faction openly aligned itself with the NRM in the last general election, and one of its legislators was appointed to Cabinet. “The glue that holds a po- litical party together is what it believes in, its ideology. This is very weak in Uganda, whether you talk of the parties in opposition or even the ruling NRM. All of them have narrowed their interests to obtaining power or keeping it at whatever cost,” said Sabiti Makara, a researcher on Ugandan politics, public management and governance. “Leaders who founded par- ties were initially driven by strong convictions, and the parties were based on ideological views borrowed from the West, like capitalism and socialism. When this ended, parties, found themselves without major differences that distinguish them,” said Deogratius Hasubi Njoki, a policy analyst at DP. “The absence of clear and strong values is made worse by young people joining the parties who are not bound by any values since they don’t exist in a clear way, nor are they enforced in an emphatic way, and who see politics as their only opportunity to get ahead,” he added. A recent assessment of party structures indicates a failure to prioritise the development of a robust ideological base.
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