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The East African : December 23rd 2013
The EastAfrican 26 BEHIND THE HEADLINES Why Uganda can’t have minimum wage Why Ethiopian coffee is better than Kenya’s CCM official’s death causes tension AU launches body to manage minerals OUTLOOK DECEMBER 21-27,2013 T I T B I T S The News: Uganda’s State Minister for Labour, Mwesigwa Rukutana, has said the government cannot set a minimum wage when there is a high job scarcity. The Lowdown: Addressing members at the 7th National Organisation of Trade Unions conference in Mukono, Mr Rukutana said the government would only look into the matter after creating a sufficient job market that can accommodate about 70 per cent of Uganda’s working-age group. More than 60 per cent of Ugandans are either underemployed or not employed, according to the Uganda Bureau of Statistics. The country has a youth unemployment rate at more than 70 per cent. The News: Kenyan coffee has been rated as the second best in the world, taking up four slots behind Ethiopia’s six in a sample of 30 collected from various farms. The Lowdown: Kenya lost to Ethiopia largely due to the lack of a recognised brand name. While Ethiopia’s coffee is identified and branded as Ethiopian Yirgacheffe, Kenyan coffee is given other brand names, therefore denying it a special place in the world’s best roasted coffee. Kenya’s government has been pushing for a greater focus on value-addition in agriculture, and branding is one of the ways in which the country can maximise its high-value cash crops such as coffee and tea. The News: Police in Tanzania are holding seven people in connection with the killing of the former CCM Mwanza chairman and Kisesa Ward councillor, Clement Mabina. The Lowdown: The arrest of thesuspects caused panic in Kisesa, where Mabina was killed on Sunday by an angry mob allegedly over of a land dispute. Neighbours and members of the family expressed their disappointment at the way the media, especially social networks, reported his death. Family spokesman Timothy Gregory said Mabina’s death was reported with a political slant, unfairly branding him as an oppressor and a land grabber. Global cance≥ incidence patte≥ns among women The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), the specialised cancer agency of the World Health Organisation, in its latest data on cancer incidence, mortality, and prevalence worldwide, has revealed striking patterns of cancer in women and said that prevention and control measures for breast and cervical cancers need to be prioritised globally. More than half of all cancers 13% Lung 11.9% Breast Colorectum 9.7% The most commonly diagnosed cancers worldwide were those of the lung (1.8 million, 13 per cent of the total), breast (1.7 million, 11.9 per cent), and colorectum (1.4 million, 9.7 per cent). The most common causes of cancer deaths were cancers of the lung (1.6 million, 19.4 per cent of the total), liver (0.8 million, 9.1 per cent), and stomach (0.7 million, 8.8 per cent). Since 2008, breast cancer incidence has increased by more than 20 per cent, while mortality has increased by 14 per cent (56.8 per cent) and cancer deaths (64.9 per cent) in 2012 occurred in less developed regions of the world, and these proportions will increase further by 2025 The News: The African Union launched the African Mineral Development Centre (AMDC) last week at the opening of the 3rd Mining ministers meeting in Maputo. The Lowdown: The meeting was an attempt to make better use of African mineral resources, often considered a curse to the continent. Several African countries are mulling setting up sovereign wealth funds to safeguard mineral oil revenues for future generations and provide a cushion against the volatility of resource prices, unpredictability of extraction and exhaustibility of resources. Africa’s revenue potential from mining sector is expected to reach $30 billion by 2030. 14.1 million In the report, an estimated 14.1 million new cancer cases and 8.2 million cancer-related deaths occurred in 2012, compared with 12.7 million and 7.6 million, respectively, in 2008. 19.3 million Projections predict a substantive increase to 19.3 million new cancer cases per year by 2025, due to growth and ageing of the global population. 32.6 million Prevalence estimates for 2012 show that there were 32.6 million people over the age of 15 years alive who had had a cancer diagnosed in the previous five years. 1.7 million In 2012, 1.7 million women were diagnosed with breast cancer and there were 6.3 million women alive who had been diagnosed with breast cancer in the previous five years.
December 16th 2013
December 30th 2013