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The East African : January 6th 2014
24 The EastAfrican OUTLOOK JANUARY 4-10,2014 T I T B I T S Aid agencies launch plan to help South Sudan’s violence victims Aid agencies have launched a humanitarian appeal to help communities affected by hostilities, displacement, food insecurity, poverty and natural disasters in South Sudan, the youngest and one of the poorest countries in the world. People flock to a makeshift IDP camp at the UNMISS compound in Juba. Picture: AFP CONFLICT HOTSPOTS IN SOUTH SUDAN The three-year plan seeks $1.1 billion for projects in 2014, which is estimated to be about $355 per person The funding will go to nearly 130 aid organisations to help over 3 million people. The aid agencies include the International Refugee Organisation, WHO, FAO and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. The UN plans to give 2.9 million people better access to clean water, reach 1 million people with livelihood support and get 70 per cent of the children affected by crises back into schools. Nearly 1 million South Sudanese are severely food insecure and over 180,000 people have been displaced by hostilities. Up to 75,000 refugees have been sheltering in UN bases in Juba, Bor, Bentiu, Malakal and Pariang since fighting broke out in South Sudan in mid-December 2013. More than 1,000 people have died. It is estimated that 81,000 people have been internally displaced and the number is likely to go up. The White Army is a name that inspires fear in South Sudan. It is the grouping of armed youth from the Nuer ethnic group fighting the government forces. The group was partly responsible for the 1991 Bor massacre, in which at least 2,000 people were killed. Then, the White Army fought alongside Riek Machar, who had split from the main Southern Sudanese rebel group fighting Khartoum. In 2011 and 2012, a reincarnation of the White Army went on the rampage, killing hundreds of civilians from the Murle ethnic group. At the time, Dr Machar was vice-president, and, although he travelled to meet them, he was unable to stop their advance. The anti-government rebels in South Sudan have attacked the key towns of Bor, Juba, Bentiu, Malakal and Pariang Yambio DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO Bor The capital city of Jonglei in central South Sudan, approximately 190 kilometres north of the capital Juba. John Garang’s home town. Jonglei is a poor state. Its economy is mostly dependent on livestock, and most inhabitants are employed in the agricultural sector. The state has been hit by clashes between tribes of the region, which the UN estimated in May 2012 had affected tmore than 140,000 people. Jonglei has long suffered tribal fighting. Much of the conflict is over food, land, and water, personal grudges related to the abduction of women and children and theft of cattle. In November and December 2007, clashes between Murle and Dinka led to the killing of 34 people and injury to more than 100. In late November 2007, eight Dinka were killed and 7,000 cattle stolen. CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC Uwayl Wau S O U T H S U D A N Rumbek Bor %().' #)+' Juba UGANDA KENYA Juba The capital and largest city of South Sudan. It also serves as the capital of Central Equatoria, one of the 10 states in the country. In 2011, the population of the city of Juba was estimated at 372,410. The city is a river port and the southern terminus of traffic along the Nile. Juba has been described as undergoing an economic boom, especially in the past five years. Kapoeta Bentiu The capital of Unity State near the border with Sudan. Lies approximately 654 kilometres northwest of Juba. As of 2006, its population was estimated at 7,700. Unity State is the location of some of the largest oil deposits in South Sudan. The Heglig oilfield to the north of Bentiu S U D A N straddles the border between Sudan and South Sudan. An oil field near Bentiu, which South Sudan claims has been bombed. Abyei Bentiu Malakal %().' #)+' ETHIOPIA Malakal Is located in the Upper Nile State northeast of South Sudan. Lies approximately 650 kilometres north of Juba. Borders Ethiopia on the banks of the White Nile. In 2010, it was estimated that the population of Malakal had grown to about 139,450.
December 30th 2013
January 13th 2014