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Daily Nation : January 28th 2014
DAILY NATION Tuesday January 28, 2014 MEDICAL CLINIC characterized by inflammation of the skin. Other effects include inability to lactate, or even to reproduce. When it comes to fats, especially processed fats, recommendation is that they be used, sparingly and that they should, preferably, be unsaturated such as sunflower oil, vegetable oils or linseed oil. A well-balanced diet, even without extra fat, provides all the fats the body needs. Whole cereals like beans are high in fiber and are digested slowly, thus delaying the feeling of hunger. High-fiber natural cereals like oatmeal and bran are very beneficial if you want to lose weight. Research shows that people who eat whole carbohydrates, more fiber and cereal, generally weigh less compared to those whose diet comprisesless fiber, less natural cereal and refined carbohydrates. Most adult men require at least 38 grammes of fiber per day and at least 25 grammes for adult women, in order to gain all the health benefits of fiber. People who consume between 35 and 45 grams of fiber per day feel hungry less often while at the same time losing weight, and they also lose more weight as compared to those who eat less fiber foods. However, care should be taken when eating fiber as too much of it can produce laxative effects such as diarrhoea as might happen when one takes fiber supplements. Excess fiber can also bind essential nutrients like vitamins, making them unavailable to the body. Do you have a health question? Write to us on email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org for free medical advice. 7 WHO battles non-communicable diseases The organisation and other UN agencies will support national efforts with upstream policy advice and sophisticated technical assistance, including helping governments set national targets BY DR CORY COUILLARD @DrCoryCouillard email@example.com increase by 17 per cent in the next 10 years, and in African by 27per cent. An NCD is a medical condition or disease N that is non-infectious and non-transmissible – mainly cardiovascular diseases, cancers, chronic respiratory diseases and type 2 diabetes. Many of the deaths associated with these conditions are largely preventable through four shared risk factors: tobacco use, an unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, and excessive consumption of alcohol. Additionally, significant concerns continue to rise in regard to pollution and a toxic environment in household air, food insecurity, clean water and the adverse effects of rapid urbanisation and population overcrowding. In response, the World Health Assembly, the decision-making body of World Health Organisation (WHO), endorsed the WHO Global on-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the world’s biggest killers, bringing hardship to rich and poor nations alike. It is estimated that the NCD burden will Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of NCDs 2013-2020. “WHO and other UN Organisations will support national efforts with upstream policy advice and sophisticated technical assistance, ranging from helping governments to set national targets… such as raising tobacco taxes, reducing the amount of salt in foods and improving access to inexpensive drugs to prevent heart attacks and strokes,” said Dr Oleg Chestnov, Assistant Director-General, Non-communicable Diseases and Mental Health, WHO. Infectious diseases However, these four lifestyle risk factors and their associated diseases often miss the most vulnerable victims of NCDs: the very poor, children and pregnant women. High mortality rates among these groups are often associated with infectious diseases (IDs) such as HIV, tuberculosis, malaria, streptococcus, human papilloma virus, hepatitis B and rubella. However, according to the World Heart Federation, “Infectious disease deaths are projected to decline by about 7 million over the next 20 years, cardiovascular disease and cancer deaths are expected to increase by 10 million.” Pregnant women often suffer from heart disease and maternal diabetes that can lead to death during or after pregnancy. Taken together, these endemic NCDs account for around 20 per cent of the disease burden among the world’s poorest billion. “Increasingly, cancers, including some with global impact such as cancer of the cervix, liver, oral cavity and stomach, have been shown to have an infectious aetiology (cause). In developing countries, infections are known to be the cause of about one fifth of cancers,” notes the WHO Global Action Plan. Significant disabilities “High rates of other cancers in developing countries that are linked to infections or infestations include the herpes virus and HIV in Kaposi sarcoma, and liver flukes in cholangiocarcinoma. Some significant disabilities such as blindness, deafness, cardiac defects and intellectual impairment can derive from preventable infectious causes,” the authors add. This highlights the importance of integrated platforms of care that address clusters of related conditions whenever possible. Continued strengthening of social protection such as education and awareness programmes will help highlight the importance of NCD and ID health services, screening and treatment programmes. What’s being done? Policymakers, educators, health care providers, corporations, municipal authorities, the media and others are starting to work together to raise awareness of NCDs. Together, we can make a difference.
January 27th 2014
January 29th 2014