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Daily Nation : February 9th 2014
SUNDAY NATION February 9, 2014 37 WORLD ARMED CONFLICT | UN reports widespread looting in South Sudan’s Bor Town Hope for peace as Sudan and rebels agree to hold direct talks SPLM-North outlines conditions including inclusion of two other rebel movements, a call Bashir opposes BY MOHAMED AMIN Nation Correspondent in Khartoum AND AFP Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, on February 13, officials have said. The Sudanese government N and the rebels yesterday said they had received official notifications from the African Union High Level Implementation Panel (AUHIP) headed by the former South African president Thabo Mbeki. The Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-North) rebels said they would participate in the peace talks. The secretary-general of the SPLM-N and the head of its delegation for the talks, Mr Yasir Arman, said in statement sent to Africa Review on Saturday that the government has no way out, except for the comprehensive solution of the issues. Alliance of rebels He added that his delegation would include an alliance of three Darfur rebel movements — Sudan Revolutionary Front (SRF) members, rights activists and some politicians. “For the first time our delega- tion will include representative from Justice and Equality Movement (JEM), Communist Party and human rights activists,” the statement reads in part. “We will go to Addis Ababa with a very clear plan to solve all issues of Sudan and in particular the conflict areas, as well as the political and humanitarian issues. These talks will be a real test for the ruling National Congress Party (NCP)”. Mr Arman added that they expect to outline a roadmap at the end of the talks. However, the head of Suda- nese government delegation, Mr Ibrahim Gandour, has rejected the inclusion of other parties in the talks. “We are very keen to find a political solution to the armed conflicts in Sudan but we will not accept any preconditions,” he said. Sudan’s ruling party has offered to form a transitional government that includes all opposition parties before the country holds General Election BACKGROUND Bashir wanted over war crimes n The war in Darfur broke out in 2003 after rebels rose up against government, claiming the region is being neglected by Khartoum n The conflict was joined by other rebel groups, displacing thousands n The ICC has issued arrest warrant for President Omar al-Bashir over alleged war crimes in the region. ‘‘ PHOTO | UNAMID/ AFP A woman, with empty jerry cans, leaves a water point in Nifasha IDP camp, in North Darfur, just after closing time, in January. Rebels and Bashir’s government have agreed to hold direct talks. states where insurgents are operating. Darfur, South Kordofan and Blue Nile states form a long stretch of the 1,200 km-long border between Sudan and South Sudan. Currently, there are wide- spread clashes between Sudanese government forces and rebels in North and South Kordofan states. Sudan last year saw riots We are very keen to find a political solution to the armed conflicts in Sudan but we will not accept any preconditions” Government position next year. President Omar al-Bashir invited opposition and armed groups to national talks last month. He also pledged to carry out broad-based constitutional reforms and end the war in Darfur, South Kordofan and Blue Nile that left 200 protestors dead, the worst during Mr Bashir’s rule, after the cash-strapped government rolled out austerity measures which included the removal of fuel subsidies. Sudan lost three quarters of its oil revenues after South Sudan seceded. The country faces daunting economic challenges including inflation, weakened currency and severe shortage of forex. In Juba, the United Nations mission in South Sudan yesterday reported widespread looting after a patrol in the strategic market town of Bor, which has changed hands several times in the conflict. Peacekeepers on Friday also found that the northeastern oil town of Malakal was “deserted and generally quiet,” UN deputy spokesman Farhan Had told reporters. Amid intense battles between government forces and rebels, tens of thousands of people have fled Bor and surrounding villages, preferring to take their chances against crocodiles in the White Nile and sniper fire from its banks rather than stay in town. “Yesterday, a mission patrol observed that looting in most parts of the town appears to have been widespread,” Haq said, adding that peacekeepers “noted population movements in the centre of the town but residential areas were largely empty.” UNMISS peacekeepers are protecting an estimated 6,000 civilians in their camp in Bor and another 22,000 in Malakal. The two towns have been the scene of heavy clashes between the South Sudanese army, loyal to President Salva Kiir, and fighters who back his former vice president Riek Machar. South Sudan erupted into conflict on December 15 in what Kiir called a coup attempt by Dr Machar, whom he sacked in July. Dr Machar denies the charge and accuses his ex-boss of trying to purge his rivals. TO COMMENT ON THESE AND OTHER STORIES GO TO www.nation.co.ke egotiations between Sudan Government and the rebels will start in SPANISH PRINCESS IN THE DOCK OVER TAX EVASION CLAIMS Shame to the royals as daughter is accused of money laundering. P.42 Ugandan villagers threaten to join the Kigali regime BY PEREZ RUMANZI Nation Correspondent Residents of Uganda’s western region of Nshenyi and Kyarwehunde in Ntungamo District are demanding to be part of Rwanda, claiming they cannot access social services in their own country. The locals, who live at the border with Tanzania and Rwanda, said at a meeting last week that they lack clean water, roads, schools and agricultural extension services in Uganda. “We feel we have been ignored because of our location. We live in Uganda and get everything from Rwanda. We need to be part of Rwanda,” Mr Lawrence Kabesiime, a councillor, said. Mr Gerosome Tur- yareba, an elder, said their challenges have not been addressed for a long time because they are located on the sides of the district neighbouring other countries. In 2012, residents of Kyarwehunde solicited funds to connect clean water through the villages but were able to move it for only four kilometres due to lack of funds. They fetch water from a stream which is about 10 kilometres away. BRIEFLY PRETORIA Two miners perish in SA Two miners have died in separate accidents at mines owned by Harmony Gold in South Africa. They follow the deaths earlier this week of eight miners in a fire and subsequent rock fall at Harmony Gold’s Doornkop mine, west of Johannesburg. Rescuers are still trying to locate a miner at Doornkop who might have been underground at the time of the fire. Mining experts have called for an investigation into Harmony Gold’s safety measures. It is not clear what caused the Doornkop accident, which happened on Tuesday evening. (BBC) BAMAKO 30 Tuaregs killed in Mali conflict Armed men from the ethnic Peul community have massacred at least 30 Tuaregs in a revenge attack in northern Mali, officials said Friday. The attack occurred on Thursday in Tamkoutat, according to a local elected lawmaker who said it was “to retaliate against the kidnapping” of one of the Peul. The Malian government denounced what it called “terrorist acts”. “A dozen armed individuals coldbloodedly slaughtered around 30 merchants on board two vehicles, one of which was torched ,” the security ministry said in a statement. (AFP) We feel we have been ignored because of our location. We... get everything from Rwanda. ” Mr Lawrence Kabesiime against Museveni (above) regime The residents said with- out water and roads, they would continue demanding to secede to Rwanda where they get better services. However, Mr George Bakunda, the representative of Ms Janet Museveni, the area MP, denied reports that residents wanted to secede, saying the district was still developing.
February 8th 2014
February 10th 2014