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Daily Nation : February 9th 2014
4 young nation Children and law The difference between national and international laws BY PATRICIA MUNDIA firstname.lastname@example.org 2010, is the most important law in Kenya. The Constitution states that international laws that are ratified are applicable in Kenya. K National laws National laws are the laws that apply within Kenya, for example the Children’s Act which was passed in 2001. This law provides that children have rights such as the right to play, religion, education, shelter, parental care, privacy and food. It also states that children have the freedom of association, expression and movement. This law also protects children living in Kenya from all forms of abuse, torture and trafficking. Forms of child abuse are domestic violence, child labour, insults or sexual abuse. National laws also provide for the legal enya applies both national and international laws. The Constitution of Kenya, which was passed in steps that should be followed when a crime has been committed and the punishment. They help to ensure that citizens live together peacefully and that every person is responsible. International laws International laws are the laws that apply to more than one country. In this case, countries meet and agree on the laws that should apply to them. International laws only apply in the countries that have signed and ratified them. When Kenya signs and ratifies international law, it means that the Kenyan government has committed itself to ensuring that those laws are applied to the best of its ability. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child is the most widely signed law in the world. So far only two countries have not ratified it. The Convention states that governments must always ensure the best interests of children. This particularly applies to budget, policy and law making. Article 4 is about protection of rights: Governments have a responsibility to take all available measures to make sure children’s rights are protected and fulfilled. When countries ratify the Convention, they agree to review their laws relating to children. This involves assessing their social services, legal, health and educational systems, as well as levels of funding for these services. National and international laws serve to ensure that the best possible protection is given to children and adults. The writer is an advocate of the High Court of Kenya her time of 2:15:25 hours. She is also a three-time winner of the London Marathon (2002, 2003, 2005), three-time New York Marath pion (2004, 2007, 2008), an the 2002 Chicago Marathon. is also a former world champ the marathon, half marathon cross country. She suffers from asthma and she has campaigned against the use of drugs in sports. Despite suffering from asthma and anaemia, she took up running at the age of seven, influenced by her father who was a keen amat marathon runner and joined Frodsham Athletic Club. She is married to her coach, Gary Lough, and has two children 2010, she was inducted into England Athletics Hall of Fam S 1. What is the name of the at 2. How many times has she w the London Marathon? Answers on page 8 February 9, 2014 sunday nation sports quiz he was born on December 17, 1973. She is a long-distance runner. She is the current women’s world record holder in the marathon with WHAT WE PLAN TO DO THIS TERM? Pupils of Mirema School in Nairobi share their views with IMMACULATE MWENDE Macleen Wangui, 12 I am planning to work harder than last term by making sure that I do all the assignments given by my teachers. I hope to be the best pupil in class so that I motivate my fellow pupils in the special unit. Nadia Lynn, 9 I am planning to spend a lot of my free time doing revision so that by end of the term I score higher marks than last term. And since I am in a boarding school I will be more responsible for my things so that they don’t get lost. Kimberly Cirom, 10 I plan to work very hard so that I score 480 marks and above. I also want to improve in math. I hope to achieve this by consulting my teacher and doing a lot of revision. Brian Kamau, 12 I hope to get 410 marks and above. Since I am not very good in mathematics and Swahili, I will put more efforts in the subjects to perform better. Shawn Mutwantei, 12 I will read many storybooks to improve my spoken and written English and work hard in class to score 450 marks and above by the end of the term. Stanley Mwangi, 12 I plan to be attentive and active in class, always asking questions where I do not understand. I also want to read many storybooks during my free time and do a lot of revision to attain more than 450 marks at the end of the term.
February 8th 2014
February 10th 2014