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The East African : February 10th 2014
14 FIRST EVER COURT CASE HELD ON FRENCH SOIL Could trial see Rwanda, France bury the hatchet? Pascal Simbikangwa appea≥ed befo≥e a F≥ench cou≥t to answe≥ cha≥ges of complicity in genocide and wa≥ c≥imes By EDMUND KAGIRE The EastAfrican liver justice to the victims of the 1994 genocide, despite a suspect appearing in a Paris court this week, 20 years after the human catastrophe that left at least one million dead in just 100 days. The trial came after many R years of Kigali pushing Paris to either extradite over a dozen key genocide suspects who sought refuge in France, many of whom have since acquired French citizenship, or at least try them in its courts. Pascal Simbikangwa, 54, a former head of military intelligence, appeared before a French court this week to answer charges of complicity in genocide and war crimes in the first ever such trial to be held on French soil. Rwanda maintains that the Simbikangwa trial, though wanda remains sceptical of French efforts to de- welcome, is just “a drop in the ocean” considering that there are dozens of genocide suspects roaming free on French soil. Minister of Justice John- ston Busingye told The EastAfrican that the trial should not be seen as a case of France developing the will to try genocide cases but rather as raising the question of why it took Paris so long to commence the process. “It is the international ob- ligation of any country that signed the Geneva Convention to extradite or at least try any individuals on its soil suspected to have taken part in a crime of international magnitude such as genocide in any other part of the world,” said Mr Busingye. Kigali and Paris have over the past 20 years disagreed on the issue of genocide suspects with the former accusing the latter of providing a safe haven to some of the most wanted genocide sus- APOLOGISE A relative of one of those who died in the genocide against the Tutsi at the trial of Pascal Simbikangwa in France. Picture: AFP pects, mainly those linked to the government and family of former president Juvenal Habyarimana. Paris for its part argued that there were fears that the suspects would not get a fair trial once extradited to Rwanda. However, attempts to address the issue of genocide suspects were clouded by politics related to the genocide and the events that led to the killings, with the Rwandan government accusing Paris of playing a role in the genocide while France on the other hand accused Rwanda Patriotic Front (RPF), the current ruling party, of igniting the killings. Relations between the two countries reached breaking point in November 2006 when Rwanda expelled the French ambassador after Rwanda’s former director of state protocol Rose Kabuye was arrested following indictments issued by French Genocide survivors have said that the French government should apologise for its role in the killings. According to figures held by the Genocide Fugitive Tracking Unit, there are about 25 genocide suspects considered “big fish” and hundreds more who are wanted for playing a lesser but punishable role in the genocide. Judge Jean Louis Bruguiere targeting top RPF commanders including President Paul Kagame. In 2009, the two countries mended fences af- ter President Kagame and his then French counterpart Nicolas Sarkozy met, restoring diplomatic relations. One of the commitments then made by France was to expedite the issue of the pending genocide cases. Mr Simbikangwa was a member of “Akazu,” the inner circle of people around president Habyarimana and is considered a “big fish.” If found guilty at end of the seven-week trial, he is likely to get a life sentence. Positive signs Beyond the court case, President Francois Hollande’s government has showed positive signs of wanting to mend relations with its former ally, continuing from where his predecessor Sarkozy left off. Apart from fully restor- ing diplomatic ties, France has also shown that it can tolerate Rwanda’s demands and support its interests elsewhere. France recently backed Rwanda’s efforts at the United Nations Security Council to recognise “genocide against the Tutsi” as the official reference of the 1994 genocide. The EastAfrican NEWS FEBRUARY 8-14,2014 EAST AFRICAN COMMUNITY LAKE VICTORIA BASIN COMMISSION SECRETARIAT INVITATION FOR BIDS (IFB) SUPPLY, INSTALLATION, TEST AND COMMISSIONING OF ONE PASSENGERS LIFT AT THE NEW NYANZA PROVINCIAL HEADQUARTERS IN KISUMU TENDER No. LVBC/SITC_NYANZA/02/14 1. The East African Community / Lake Victoria Basin Commission (EAC/LVBC) has received financing from the Partner States towards the cost of procuring, installing, commissioning and testing of one (1) passenger lift for the new Nyanza Provincial Headquarters in Kisumu. 2. The Lake Victoria Basin Commission Secretariat now invites sealed bids from eligible and qualified bidders for the Supply, Installation, Commissioning and Testing of one passenger lift as detailed in the Bidding Document. 3. Bidding will be conducted through the Regional Competitive Bidding (RCB) procedures as per the EAC procurement guidelines and is open to all bidders. Interested eligible bidders may obtain further information from The Secretary, LVBC Tender Committee, Lake Victoria Basin Commission, e-mail email@example.com and inspect the Bidding Documents at the address given below from Mondays to Fridays 8.00 am to 5.00 pm. 4. Qualifications requirements include: The bidder should be registered in an eligible country, have at least three years experience in Supply, Installation, Commissioning and Testing of passenger lifts and have adequate facilities to provide technical services in East Africa. The bidder should also demonstrate a sound financial position and manufacturer’s authorization for the goods. Additional details are provided in the Bidding Documents. A complete set of Bidding Documents in English may be purchased by interested bidders on the submission of a written application to the address below and upon payment of a non refundable fee of USD 50 or equivalent in a freely convertible currency. The method of payment will be by Bankers Cheque, drawn in favour of Lake Victoria Basin Commission. The Bidding Documents may be collected from LVBC Secretariat’s Offices located at Oginga Oginga Street, 6th courier at the bidder’s expense. floor, Reinsurance Plaza, Kisumu, Kenya or sent by 5. Bids must be delivered to the address below at or before 10.00 a.m. on Monday, 10th bidding will not be permitted. Late bids will be rejected. Bids will be opened in the presence of the bidders’ representatives, who choose to attend in person at the address below at 11.00 a.m. on Monday 10th The address referred to above is: Executive Secretary Lake Victoria Basin Commission Re-insurance Building, 6th Floor, P.O. Box 1510-40100, Kisumu, Kenya Phone: +254 57 202 6344 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Website : www.lvbcom.org March, 2014. Electronic March, 2014. All bids must be accompanied by a Bid Security in Kenya Shillings or equivalent in a freely convertible currency as described in the Bid document.
February 3rd 2014
February 17th 2014