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Daily Nation : February 11th 2014
26 | International News ACCUSED OF RAPE | Man known as ‘Terminator’now at the mercy of Hague-based court Congo warlord trial opens at ICC Prosecutor has five days to convince judges on Ntaganda trial for war crimes THE HAGUE, Monday in the Democratic Republic of Congo, using child soldiers and capturing sex slaves for his rebel army, the International Criminal Court heard today. The man known as “The F Terminator” appeared at the Hague-based court where judges will decide if there’s enough evidence to charge him for crimes committed in the central African country a decade ago. “Bosco Ntaganda... prosecuted civilians on ethnic grounds through deliberate attacks, forced displacement, murder, rape, sexual enslavement and pillaging...,” ICC chief prosecutor Fatou Bensouda told pre-trial judges. She has five days to convince judges that he should be tried for war crimes and crimes against humanity, committed by Ntaganda’s rebel army in the Democratic Republic of Congo’s restive east in 2002-3. ormer warlord Bosco Ntaganda played a “key role” in ethnic crimes “Bosco Ntaganda’s role was central to this army. He was the... military commander in charge of operations,” said Bensouda, adding “he personally used child soldiers in attacks.” Prosecutors allege that Nta- ganda, who handed himself in to face charges in a shock move last year, led “by negative example”, raping child and women soldiers and keeping them as sex slaves. This “communicated a mes- sage of official approval and further contributed to the crimes,” court documents said. Earlier Ntaganda, speaking in the Kinyarwanda language, told the court: “My name is Bosco Ntaganda, I am a soldier,” when asked his profession. Wearing a charcoal suit and sporting his trademark pencil moustache, Ntaganda listened intently, but showed no emotion as the charges against him were read. Ntaganda is the founder of the M23 rebel group Kinshasa eventually defeated late last year, after an 18-month insurgency in the eastern DR Congo’s North Kivu region. He is facing 13 counts of war crimes and five of crimes against humanity over abuses allegedly committed a decade ago when he was a warlord in Ituri, further FACTS Fifth African in ICC’s custody Jail: Born in 1973, Ntaganda is the fifth African in the ICC’s custody. Only conviction: His former FPLC commander Thomas Lubanga, was sentenced to 14 years in jail in 2012 on similar charges, the court’s only conviction since it was set up 11 years ago. Rwanda role: UN and other experts accuse Rwanda of being Ntaganda’s master and pulling strings in the M23, an allegation Kigali has denied. north. Prosecutors say at least 800 people were killed by Ntaganda’s Patriotic Forces for the Liberation of Congo (FPLC) as they battled rival militias for control of the mineral-rich area. At his first appearance in March last year, Ntaganda told judges: “I was informed of these crimes and I plead not guilty.” The judges have two months after Monday’s hearing to make a decision. The first-ever suspect to vol- untarily surrender to the ICC, Ntaganda walked into the US embassy in Rwanda’s capital Kigali 11 months ago and asked to be sent to The Hague. (AFP) Rwandan-born warlord Bosco Ntaganda attends the International Criminal Court charged with war crimes and crimes against humanity in a hearing at The Hague, yesterday. PHOTO | AFP DAILY NATION Tuesday February 11, 2014 BRIEFLY ABIDJAN Ivorian leader in France for ‘sciatica operation’ Cote d’Ivoire’s 72-year-old president, Alassane Ouattara, is recovering in France after an operation to alleviate pain from a spinal nerve, his office said. “The head of state is doing well” after the surgery “to do with a sciatica,” it said in a statement. It added that Ouattara would return home “after a period of rest” but did not give a date. Outtara was elected president in December 2010 after a decade of unrest in his relatively well-off west African nation, which is the world’s biggest cocoa exporter. He has announced he will stand for re-election in the next presidential election in October 2015. (AFP) GABORONE Khama orders probe as education standards fall Botswana president Ian Khama has ordered a probe into his country’s waning education sector, an exercise he will also participate in. Botswana’s education sector has been on a serious decline with pathetic results in recent years. Mr Khama has previously expressed concern over the sector and, at one stage, invited teachers to the State House to hear out their grievances. He has since given his Cabinet, himself included, a task to look into some of the challenges that could be contributing to the decline. (Nation Correspondent) AGA KHAN FOUNDATION INTERNATIONAL SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAMME The Aga Khan Foundation provides a limited number of scholarships each year for Postgraduate studies to outstanding students from developing countries who have no other means of financing their studies. The Foundation gives priority to requests for Master’s level courses but is also willing to consider applications for Ph.D. programmes, when doctoral degrees are necessary for the career objectives of the student. Requests will also be considered for travel and study awards for Ph.D. students conducting their research in Third World countries on topics judged to be of interest to the Aga Khan Development Network. Applications for short-term courses are not considered; neither are applications from students already in mid-course. Preference will be given to applicants aged below 30. The scholarships are awarded on a 50% grant / 50% loan basis through a competitive application process once every year. Half of the scholarship amount (50%) is considered as a loan and must be reimbursed with a 5% service charge. A guarantor is required to co-sign the loan agreement. The payback period is five years, starting six months after completion of the study period funded by the Aga Khan Foundation. The Foundation only assists students with tuition fees and living expenses. The scholarship does not include any travel costs. Applicants are encouraged to make every effort to obtain additional funding from other sources so that the amount requested from the Foundation is reduced to a minimum. Preference will be given to those who have been able to secure some funding from alternative sources. Only those Applicants who satisfy the following criteria need to apply. Please answer the questions below by checking the boxes on the left as appropriate, and remember to ATTACH THIS ADVERT with your application: Applicants Name: _________________________________________________ Yes No Did you graduate with First Class Honours at the undergraduate level? Hotel Management – Please circle appropriate field. Do you have proof of admission to a reputable institution of higher learning? Do you have demonstrable financial need? Do you wish to pursue a postgraduate degree in a development-related discipline, including a specialisation in one of the following fields? • • • • • • • • • • Experts in health economics, social sciences and public health, hospital and health service managers Education (such as teachers and curriculum developers); Financial and management controls; Architecture, civil and electrical engineering; Medicine (such as doctors and general specialists); Information Technology; Disaster Preparedness; Monitoring/evaluation and research professionals; Electrical Engineering (with a specialisation in power generation) and Applications from Kenyan nationals and residents who satisfy the above criteria, together with a completed copy of this advertisement, should be submitted to the Foundation by 30 March 2014, quoting the Reference “AKF/Scholarship/2014,” addressed to the Aga Khan Foundation, P.O. Box 40898, 00100 Nairobi, or via email at firstname.lastname@example.org Only Applicants who meet the above criteria will be acknowledged and invited to undergo a formal application process. Please consider your application unsuccessful if you do not receive any response by the first week in April 2014.
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