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The East African : March 24th 2014
16 SOUTH SUDAN CRISIS No solution in sight as peace talks fail to resume P≥esident Salva Kii≥ has ≥ejected p≥oposal fo≥ deployment of Igad p≥otection fo≥ce By FRED OLUOCH Special Correspondent diation talks failed to resume on March 20. There are differences T among regional countries over the proposed deployment of Inter-governmental Authority on Development (Igad) protection force to ensure that the warring parties do not continue violating the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement signed on January 23. Both President Salva Kiir and his rival Dr Riek Machar are both opposed to the deployment of Igad protection force, which is being pushed for by Kenya and Ethiopia. Sources in Addis Ababa in- dicated that President Kiir is uncomfortable with the force because he believes it will be controlled by Troika — the US, UK and Norway. Washington is on record stating that the talks must focus on South Sudanese security sector reforms. The US favours a peace- keeping force, while at the same time insisting that those who committed atrocities and human rights abuses from both sides must face he crisis in South Sudan is likely to escalate after me- justice. The Troika under the US, is not happy with violation of the peace deal and insists on progressive withdrawal of Ugandan troops. President Kiir’s support- ers further argue that deployment of Igad forces will amount to installation of an interim government. President Salva Kiir is op- posed to the seven former detainees from joining the talks and has threatened to withdraw from the talks if the Western countries insist on them taking part. He argues that South Su- dan already has the United Nations Mission in South Sudan to protect civilians. Jervasio Okot, a South Su- dan political analyst argues that the situation threatens to engulf the entire region and that Igad mediators should take a strong position to ensure that both sides do not dictate the agenda. The complexity of the situ- ation further emerged early in the week when Egypt expressed interests to provide troops to South Sudan. Egyptian President Adly al Mansour promised to send troops with the hope that South Sudan should help in the mediation with other Nile SUMMIT The 25th Extra-Ordinary Summit of the Igad Heads of State and Government in Addis Ababa authorised the deployment of a Protection and Deterrent Force by mid-April 2014 as part of its monitoring and verification mechanism in South Sudan. The summit also agreed that all Igad member states be accorded observer status and be allowed to participate in ongoing negotiations and the Monitoring and Verification Mechanism. Washington is on record stating that the talks must focus on South Sudanese security sector reforms Initiative Countries on the controversial Nile Treaty. Egypt, Sudan and South Sudan are yet to sign the new Nile Treaty. The South Sudan crisis has also seen Uganda take a lone position as Kenya and Ethiopia work closely to find a workable solution. The Cessation of Hostili- ties Agreement had directed the Uganda to withdraw its forces to enable the talks move forward. Uganda may not be included in the pro- The EastAfrican NEWS MARCH 22-28,2014 South Sudanese queue for water in a refugee camp in northern Kenya. Picture: File tection force because its soldiers supported President Kiir when the war broke out in December last year. Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn has come out strongly to warn that regional leaders will not allow zero-sum politics to stall the negotiations. Both Mr Desalegn and Ken- ya’s President Uhuru Kenyatta are working closely to provide solutions to the crisis in South Sudan. Both countries are strong supporters of the Igad protection force. A strong suspicion has also emerge from Juba that Khartoum could be supporting Dr Machar despite President Omar al-Bashir having visited Juba early in the conflict and assured Juba of his support. One of the complex issues now is that the relations between Khartoum and Kampala are likely to deteriorate further after the leader of the Darfur Justice and Equality Movement Jibril Ibrahim visited Uganda. Khartoum had last year requested Uganda not to allow its territory to be used by Darfur rebels. The third session of the South Sudan peace talks were set to begin on March 20 as fresh challenges emerged following growing suspicions in Juba that the proposed peace roadmap could limit President Kiir’s powers. It was understood that Igad mediators have convinced some of the Troika countries that their initial preference of an interim government could breed more conflict, and are now fine-tuning a plan to work with President Kiir to initiate political reforms. The peace roadmap con- tains, among other things, proposed reform of the Sudanese People’s Liberation Movement structures and management style, a review of the constitution and modalities for the scheduled April 2015 elections, with clear times lines on when they are supposed to be realised. Initially, the Troika were in favour of an interim government excluding both President Kiir and his rival Dr Machar. But Igad mediators and regional countries have been against the idea on the grounds that it could worsen the situation because the South Sudan army is made up of many former militia groups. Kigali, P≥eto≥ia ≥ow could spill into Congo BECOME A CALTEX LUBRICANTS DISTRIBUTOR AFAL- Africa Fuel & Lubricants LTD, the authorized distributor of Caltex Lubricants is looking to appoint a strategic business partner to become the preferred sub-distributor for Caltex lubricants in Kenya, Uganda, Eastern DRC, Rwanda and Burundi. REQUIREMENTS • Previous experience in the distribution of lubricants and proven capability to handle a larger customer base within the region. • Have access to covered storage facility of approximately 1,000 sqft • Initial investment of about US$ 50,000 TO US$ 100,000 with capability to increase working capital as the business grows. • Office space/delivery van/quality manpower Applications should be forwarded with the above details to the following address: Africa Fuels & Lubricants ltd, P. O. Box 215-00623 Nairobi or via email to Subramanian@tristar-transport.com You may call +254 700 287 762 for any clarifications. A chevron company brand © Chevron All-khalij. All rights reserved. All trademarks are the property of Chevron Intellectual Property LLC. By A SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT The EastAfrican THE DIPLOMATIC tiff between Rwanda and South Africa could have long-term implications, analysts have warned. It was understood that differences between the two countries could spill into the Democratic Republic of Congo, where both countries have interests. Sour relations between the two countries began last year when South Africa led the United Nations Intervention Brigade in eastern DR Congo. The UN backed force led by South African National Defence Forces, pitted South Africa and Tanzania on the one hand, against Rwanda and Uganda. Zambian scholar Prof Michelo Hansungule, a senior lecturer at Wits University said Rwanda’s plans to pursue its dissidents in South Africa and then react by sending six diplomats after SA expelled three of its own, was aimed at embarrassing President Zuma. South Africa’s Internation- al Relations Minister Maite Nkoana-Mashabane said this week that her country followed proper procedures in expelling Rwandan diplomats from Pretoria. But sources within the government said Kigali is not ready budge despite escalating diplomatic row with Pretoria. “Rwanda has done more than it could to resolve the matter. There is no mediation going on. In fact, the two countries are treating it as if nothing happened except,” said a well placed within government, dismissing reports that Ugandan President Museveni is leading mediating efforts between the two countries.
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