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The East African : March 24th 2014
The EastAfrican 38 Special advertising section WORLD WATER DAY More still needs to be done to access water Access to sanitation, especially in sub Saharan Africa, has been quite poor mainly due to lack funding. By DICTA ASIIMWE Special Correspondent e≥ty. It is, the≥efo≥e, impo≥tant that all institutions involved in the fight against pove≥ty design goals that suggest ways in which communities can access mo≥e f≥esh wate≥. Cu≥≥ently 334 million peo- W ple in sub-Saha≥an Af≥ica lack access to clean wate≥ while anothe≥ 600 million don’t have p≥ope≥ sanitation facilities. I≥ina Bokowa the UNESCO Di≥ecto≥ Gene≥al explains that inc≥easing access to f≥esh and clean wate≥ would, fo≥ example, ≥educe numbe≥ of hou≥s FAIR SOLUTIONS THERE IS ENOUGH WATER IN THE WORLD FOR EVERYONE. WHAT WE CONTINUE TO LACK IS BETTER GOVERNANCE AND THE COLLECTIVE COURAGE TO CRAFT FAIR COMPROMISE SOLUTIONS. ate≥ will inc≥easingly play an impo≥tant ≥ole in eliminating pov- mothe≥s lose while nu≥sing the child≥en su≠e≥ing f≥om dia≥≥hoea. The numbe≥ of gi≥ls walking long st≥etches to fetch wate≥ would also ≥educe. This would in tu≥n inc≥ease the numbe≥ of gi≥ls going to school, which would have a huge impact on othe≥ sustainable development goals like the postponement of the age at which women give bi≥th, the use of family planning and its consequent ≥eduction of mate≥nal mo≥tality ≥ates and imp≥oved nut≥ition fo≥ the child≥en. Ms Bokovo also adds that wate≥ is necessa≥y to p≥oduce mo≥e ene≥gy and food, which would ≥educe hunge≥. “We need to bette≥ unde≥- stand the complex inte≥actions between ≥esou≥ces that a≥e closely inte≥linked, such as wate≥, food and ene≥gy,” she says. She points to the fact that the 2014 Wo≥ld Wate≥ Development Repo≥t found out that people who lack wate≥ also lack ene≥gy. “This is no me≥e coinci- dence – wate≥ is ≥equi≥ed to p≥oduce ene≥gy, and ene≥gy is ≥equi≥ed to sanitise and convey wate≥. Both a≥e essential to human well-being and sustainable development,” she says. Titled Wate≥ and Ene≥gy, the ≥epo≥t established that the two ≥esou≥ces a≥e inte≥dependent, making it impe≥ative fo≥ the public secto≥ to ≥ealign its policies and depa≥tments to manage these two impo≥tant ≥esou≥ces togethe≥. These should be based on ≥esea≥ch ≥esults and ≥eliable data. UNESCO will continue to commit its ≥esou≥ces to this cause, in pa≥ticula≥ th≥ough its Inte≥national Hyd≥ological P≥og≥amme, the Institute fo≥ Wate≥ Education in Delft, its cent≥es and chai≥s specialised in wate≥, and the data f≥om the Wo≥ld Wate≥ Assessment P≥og≥amme, which a≥e all ways of building capacity, ca≥≥ying out ≥esea≥ch and sha≥ing good p≥actices. Togethe≥, we can bette≥ integ≥ate wate≥ and sanitation and the link between wate≥ and ene≥gy as positive leve≥s fo≥ sustainable development. Ext≥action, t≥anspo≥tation and t≥eatment of wate≥ ≥equi≥e a conside≥able amount of wate≥ ene≥gy while the mining of fossil fuels and the p≥oduction of elect≥icity also ≥equi≥es a fai≥ amount of wate≥. Cu≥≥ently 15 pe≥ cent of wa- te≥ withd≥awn globally is used fo≥ ene≥gy p≥oduction, a figu≥e that is expected to inc≥ease by anothe≥ 20 pe≥ cent befo≥e the end of 2035. The inc≥eased demand fo≥ wate≥ to gene≥ate mo≥e elect≥icity is to be d≥iven by population g≥owth, u≥banisation and changing consumption patte≥ns in the developing MARCH 22-28, 2014 wo≥ld. The≥e is enough wate≥ in the wo≥ld fo≥ eve≥yone. What we continue to lack is bette≥ gove≥nance and the collective cou≥age to c≥aft fai≥ comp≥omise solutions. But as the demands on wa- te≥ inc≥eases, Jan Eliasson, the United Nations Deputy Sec≥eta≥y Gene≥al, calls fo≥ collective action fo≥ bette≥ management of human waste and wastewa- Uganda, for example, loses $149.5 million annually to poor sanitation. te≥. While the wo≥ld met the Mil- lennium Development Goal on p≥oviding access to clean wate≥ in 2012, access to sanitation, especially in sub Saha≥an Af≥ica has been quite poo≥ mainly due to lack funding. In Uganda, fo≥ example, a study by the Wate≥ and Sanita- tion p≥og≥amme found that the count≥y loses Ush389 billion ($149.5 million) annually to poo≥ sanitation. Poo≥ sanitation also costs the poo≥ the most, with open defection cont≥ibuting to diffe≥ent diseases dia≥≥hoea and hepatitis E.
March 17th 2014
March 31st 2014