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The East African : May 26th 2014
22 BEHIND THE HEADLINES Most Ugandans want Museveni for 2016 Libya MPs asked to go on recess CAR rebel group ‘to rein in fighters’ IMF queries Mali leader’s plane deal The EastAfrican OUTLOOK MAY 24-30,2014 T I T B I T S The News: A push by NRM MPs for President Yoweri Museveni to seek re-election in 2016 is supported by 54 per cent of Ugandans, a new opinion poll says. The Lowdown: The opinion poll commissioned by the Daily Monitor and the Uganda Governance Monitoring Platform shows that 33 per cent of Ugandans are opposed to another term for President Museveni while 13 per cent said they “don’t know.” Wealthy, well-to-do and highly educated Ugandans oppose the idea of President Museveni standing again. But the President has more backing from the working classes and the rural population. The News: Libya’s embattled government has proposed that parliament go on recess in a bid to stave off a possible descent into renewed civil war. The Lowdown: A statement sent by the government said parliament should stop working after voting on this year’s budget until fresh elections are held. The government accuses renegade general Khalifa Haftar of planning a coup. But as the security situation worsened, Saudi Arabia closed its embassy in Tripoli last Monday. Foreign companies are also reported to have ordered their staff to get out of the country. The News: The Seleka rebel group in Central African Republic says it has reorganised to exercise greater control over its fighters. The Lowdown: Seleka co-ordinator Abdoulaye Hisseine said the group had put in place a new chain of command to rein in its fighters in the north. The government condemned the group, saying it had seized state property in the north. The mostly Muslim rebels have been fighting with the Christian Anti-balaka militia since March 2013. The African Union, France and the European Union have about 7,000 troops battling to end the conflict. The News: The International Monetary Fund has condemned the purchase of a luxurious $40 million aeroplane for Mali’s President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita. The Lowdown: An IMF spokesman said: “We are concerned about the quality of recent decisions such as the purchase of the presidential plane worth $40 million and the issuance of a $200 million state guarantee to allow a private company to buy supplies... for the army.” The Fund said it will delay the first review of a new loan to the country scheduled for June. But a Malian official said the money for the aircraft was a loan from a private bank. Tobacco kills up to half of its use≥s Every year, on May 31, the World Health Organisation and partners mark World No Tobacco Day, highlighting the health risks associated with tobacco use and advocating effective policies to reduce tobacco consumption. For World No Tobacco Day 2014, the WHO and partners are calling on countries to raise taxes on tobacco. 6 millon Tobacco kills nearly 6 million people each year. More than five million of those deaths are the result of direct tobacco use while more than 600,000 are a result of non-smokers being exposed to second-hand smoke. Unless urgent action is taken, the annual death toll could rise to more than 8 million by 2030. Tobacco kills up to half of its users 80% Nearly 80 per cent of the world’s 1 billion smokers live in lowand middle-income countries. 100 million Tobacco caused 100 million deaths in the 20th century. If current trends continue, it may cause 1 billion deaths in the 21st century. There is no safe level of exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke In adults, second-hand smoke causes serious cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, including coronary heart disease and lung cancer. In infants, it causes sudden death. In pregnant women, it causes low birth weight. Almost half of children regularly breathe air polluted by tobacco smoke in public places. In 2004, children accounted for 28 per cent of the deaths attributable to second-hand smoke. 40% Over 40 per cent of children have at least one smoking parent. 600,000 Second-hand smoke causes more than 600,000 premature deaths per year. 32 Taxes discourage tobacco use Consumption of tobacco products is increasing globally, though it is decreasing in some high-income and upper middleincome countries. Because there is a lag of several years between when people start using tobacco and when their health suffers, the epidemic of tobacco-related disease and death has just begun. Tobacco taxes are the most cost-effective way to reduce tobacco use, especially among young people and poor people. A tax increase that increases tobacco prices by 10 per cent decreases tobacco consumption by about 4 per cent in highincome countries and by up to 8 per cent in low- and middle-income countries. Even so, high tobacco taxes is a measure that is rarely used. Only 32 countries, less than 8 per cent of the world’s population, have tobacco tax rates greater than 75 per cent of the retail price.
May 19th 2014
June 2nd 2014