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The East African : June 16th 2014
The EastAfrican 34 OUTLOOK JUNE 14-20,2014 e -AF R ICAN Goal line system already in place for World Cup GoalCont≥ol’s technology has been installed in the 12 stadiums in B≥azil By ANDREW DAS Special Correspondent ror, which was probably a good thing given his line of work. Dirk Broichhausen, the chief execu- T tive of GoalControl, and his company were selected in 2013 to install the system of cameras and software that in the next four weeks will try to ensure, for the first time at a World Cup, that every goal scored has actually crossed the line, and that no ball near the line is incorrectly declared a goal if it has not. But after a half-hour of questioning under the blistering sun at Maracanã Stadium about potential technical issues and weather concerns and even if the technology will in fact be in use for every game, Mr Broichhausen had had enough. Waving off the next question with a good-natured smile, he set the bar for success as high as he could — at perfection. “Let’s not talk about technical ques- tions,” he said confidently. “It will work perfectly. Final word.” Goal line technology has been com- mon in US sports for years, but soccer has been slow to embrace it as an unneeded intrusion of technology into a human game. As recently as four years ago, Sepp Blatter, the head of soccer’s governing body, Fifa, said that he was vehemently opposed to any technological aids for officiating games. But an obvious mistake at the 2010 World Cup, when England’s Frank he man from the goal line technology company left no margin for er- Lampard was denied a goal against Germany, forced change on the sport. Spurred in part by that incident, the British-dominated body that oversees the laws of the game, the International Football Association Board, recommended in 2012 that Fifa experiment with the technology for possible use at the World Cup and other tournaments. That led to submissions by companies promoting various technologies and in 2013 Fifa chose GoalControl. GoalControl’s system works with a set of 14 cameras, with seven arrayed in a semi-circle on the catwalks above watching each goal. The cameras capture up to 500 frames per second from multiple vantage points to track the continuous position of the ball within a centimetre or so. If it crosses the goal line, a digital watch worn by the referee, his two linesmen and the fourth official at midfield flashes the word “GOAL” within a second. Since being selected, GoalControl has installed the system in the 12 World Cup stadiums and conducted what it and Fifa said were about 2,400 tests — in wind, in rain, and with one or multiple cameras blocked by players or the goalkeeper. On Monday, they said that they had yet to have an incorrect decision. FIFA and GoalControl acknowl- edged Monday that the final decision on whether to use the technology rested with the match referee. The World Cup officials were given a demonstration of the system MAGNETIC SENSOR SYSTEMS GoalRef, Cairos Antenna exciter: Partially below ground on goal line Image processing: Ball can be identified even if obscured. Position mapped to enable prediction of location within 3.6mm Instant alert to referee and 3D TV replay if ball crosses line Antennae: 10 mounted on goalposts and crossbar Magnetic field: Covers entire goalmouth HOW IT WORKS Goal-line technology (GLT) will feature at the 2014 Fifa World Cup in Brazil for the first time as a support for match officials, after Fifa confirmed last year the appointment of GoalControl GmbH as the official GLT provider for the tournament. These are some of the Fifa approved GLT systems. CAMERA SYSTEMS: GoalControl, Hawkeye Cameras: Seven highspeed, high-resolution cameras around goal area Position: Exact 3D location of ball continuously and automatically calculated by triangulation – even if only visible from two cameras BRIEFS 3G Direct Pay Ltd to offer services in EA 3G Direct Pay Ltd, an online payment provider, has been licensed to offer Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) to the East African market. PCI DSS is a standard developed by the major card brands and provides prevention, detection and appropriate reaction to security threats. The firm was last week awarded the first Certificate of Compliance PCI DSS Level 1 in the region, which will increase controls around card holder information. Internet usage in Africa to double by 2015 Mobile Internet usage in sub-Sahara Africa will double by 2015. According to a 2014 sub-Saharan Africa Ericsson Mobility Report, mobile phone users in the region will access 147,000 terabytes of data per month, from 76,000 terabytes this year and 37,500 TB per month in 2013. The report also indicates that the 3G technology will by 2017 become the region’s dominant form of mobile connection. Ball: Three copper coils between bladder and surface panels Sources: GoalControl, Hawk-Eye Innovations, Fraunhofer IIS last week, which included a series of pre-game tests to ensure the watches were registering the ball’s position correctly. Those will take place at least an hour before each game. “The referee decides if he would like to use it or not,” FIFA executive Johannes Holzmüller said. “The point is, if he says, “I don’t want to use it because I’m not sure if it’s really working, then, of course, Antenna system activated when ball enters goal area – signal transmitted to referee in under 0.5 secs once ball fully crosses magnetic field © GRAPHIC NEWS both teams will be informed immediately. That means the players will be aware that the system is not in use.” A Fifa official said later that was unlikely, and that the news media would also be informed if the system was not in use. Asked about that possibility, Mr Broichhausen guaranteed that the concern was not real, that the system would work, as he said, “perfectly.” Wall St≥eet b≥oke≥s sc≥amble to manage tech billions By RANDALL SMITH Special Correspondent WHEN MICROSOFT went public in 1986, its chief executive and largest shareholder, Bill Gates, wound up with a broker at Goldman Sachs, the Wall Street firm that had led the company’s initial public offering. Times may have changed, but technology billionaires still set the engines racing among Silicon Valley brokers. Social media IPOs, including LinkedIn, Facebook and Twitter, and acquisitions like Facebook’s planned $18 billion purchase of WhatsApp have created more than a dozen billionaires, by one count of Forbes magazine data. Competition to handle their money is intense. “Every day I get a connection request from a wealth manager on LinkedIn,” said Michael Cagney, the founder and chief executive of Social Finance, or SoFi, an online student-loan platform in San Francisco that mightcouldey sold another financial software company, Finaplex, in 2007 and runs a hedge fund. The wealth management dollars up for grabs were detailed last fall at the trial of Mark Cu- lion. Clients with simple portfolios of stocks and bonds may pay less than those in more exotic assets, such as hedge funds or private equity. The business prospects are irresistible to bro- A Twitter and share price logo as it starts trading at the New York Stock Exchange. Picture: AFP ban, the Dallas billionaire who was acquitted of civil insider trading charges. The first defence witness, Charles McKinney, a former Goldman broker now at Credit Suisse, testified that Mr Cuban’s $695 million account produced annual fees for his firm of about $2.8 million. Many wealth advisers charge up to 1 per cent for the first $5 million or $10 million, reducing the fee in stages to 0.5 per cent or lower, subject to negotiation, for amounts exceeding $100 mil- kers as far away as Park Avenue in Manhattan. “You’d be crazy to ignore the wealth being created by the young tech group,” said Thorne Perkin, president of Papamarkou Wellner Asset Management, a buttoned-down wealth adviser on Park and 54th Street whose San Francisco clients include Getty family members and Google employees worth hundreds of millions. “It’s an incredible opportunity for any money manager.” Of course Goldman and its archrival, Morgan Stanley, the longtime leader of tech IPOs, have the biggest share of the market partly because their brokers can forge close ties with technology titans in the IPO process. Goldman’s clients have included Meg Whitman, the chief executive of Hewlett-Packard who was chief of eBay when Goldman led its IPO in 1998. Morgan Stanley’s roster has included the venture capital investor Brook Byers and Raymond J. Lane, the former executive chairman of HP. New York Times Service Tanzanians to get money across all telcom networks Tigo, Airtel and Zantel customers in Tanzania will be able to make mobile money transactions across the three networks by the end of this month, officials said last week. The agreement will enable subscribers to send money at more affordable rates, the three companies said in a joint statement. The transaction will not require use of PIN codes when making withdrawals as has been the practice so far. Asus launches new range of products Personal computer and tablet manufacturer Asus has launched a range of products in its quest to grab a share of the technologyconverged market. The Transformer Book V, for example, allows consumers to access smartphone, tablet and laptop PC or Ultra-book services on a single platform while the Transformer Book Flip is a laptop with 360-degree touch screen that flips in an instant for use as laptop or tablet. The Book Flip will be available in the east African market in July.
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