For Online E-newspaper
The East African : July 7th 2014
The EastAfrican OUTLOOK JULY 5-11,2014 25 Is a peaceful, long-lasting solution in sight? Top far left, South Sudan President Salva Kiir (L) and (R) SPLM Opposition leader Riek Machar hold the hands of two clergymen during the opening prayer of the press conference of the signing of Cessation of Hostilities on May 9 in Addis Ababa. Left, South Sudan President Salva Kiir waves to members of his Cabinet as he boards a plane in Juba to attend an AU summit in Malabo, Equatorial Guinea, on June 25. Pictures: AFP For Ethiopia, South Sudan is a major military and security concern as it shares a long border and ethnic relationships between the Nuer and Anyauk people who live across their common border. Sudan and South Sudan share one of the longest and most volatile borders in Africa — spanning over 2,000 kilometres, a shared oil and trade infrastructure and the disputed Abyei enclave and an on-going cross-border conflict both in the East and in the West, a legacy and spill-over of the long and bitter civil-war that was waged between them. South Sudan’s neighbours have to gingerly walk the tight rope so as not to appear to meddle in or become active players in the conflict. For Sudan, South Sudan Bottom left, SPLM Opposition leader Riek Machar gives a speech after signing the Cessation of Hostilities treaty on May 9 in Addis Ababa. Above, South Sudanese nationals at the Juba international airport waiting for the President Salva Kiir to return from Addis Ababa, on May 11. Pictures: AFP is a natural market and a bountiful resource base, for Ethiopia, Uganda and Kenya, South Sudan has been one of the fastest growing trading partners. Kenya seems to have cornered the nascent banking, service, manufac- turing and aviation sectors. Uganda’s trade figures with South Sudan were for the past seven years the fastest growing, in excess of $280 million for 2010-2011 and growing. However, there had been several signs that Juba was headed for a catastrophic melt-down, and that both camps were girding up for a military show-down, ever since President Kiir publicly humiliated his then deputy Dr Machar at the 2012 Independence Day celebrations in Juba by refusing to acknowledge his presence. For the moment, the IGAD and AU South Sudan mediation processes are unlikely to make any dramatic progress unless Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda slap tough, painful and structured sanctions and measures including personal accountability and travel. Threats of tougher sanc- tions and action by the international community ring hollow unless they are followed by more stringent, strict and personal sanctions.
June 30th 2014
July 14th 2014